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Clinical features and natural course of Behçet's disease in 661 cases: a multicentre study.
Br J Dermatol. 2007 Nov; 157(5):901-6.BJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic inflammatory disease with unpredictable exacerbations and remissions. The natural course of BD is not fully known.

OBJECTIVES

We aimed retrospectively to determine the occurrence of the symptoms in chronological order. We also evaluated the influence of the treatment and follow-up on the clinical severity and tried to identify the factors determining severe organ involvement.

METHODS

Six hundred and sixty-one patients were involved in this multicentre study. The symptoms of the disease were recorded retrospectively in the time order of the manifestations in each patient.

RESULTS

Oral ulcers were the most common manifestation (100%), followed by genital ulcers (85.3%), papulopustular lesions (55.4%), erythema nodosum (44.2%), skin pathergy reaction (37.8%), and articular (33.4%) and ocular involvement (29.2%). Oral ulcers were the most common onset manifestation (88.7%). The mean +/- SD duration between the onset symptom and the fulfilment of diagnostic criteria was calculated to be 4.3 +/- 5.7 years. The clinical severity score was significantly increased in the noncompliant treatment group compared with the compliant group with the passage of time (P < 0.001). The frequency of ocular involvement and genital ulcers was significantly higher in patients whose disease onset was at < 40 years. Genital ulcers, ocular involvement, papulopustular lesions, thrombophlebitis and skin pathergy reaction were found to be significantly more frequent in males.

CONCLUSIONS

Mucocutaneous lesions are the hallmarks of the disease, and especially oral ulcers precede other manifestations. The increase in clinical severity score is more pronounced in patients without regular treatment and follow-up. Male sex and a younger age at onset are associated with more severe disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology and Veneereology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, 07070 Antalya, Turkey. ealpsoy@akdeniz.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17711526

Citation

Alpsoy, E, et al. "Clinical Features and Natural Course of Behçet's Disease in 661 Cases: a Multicentre Study." The British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 157, no. 5, 2007, pp. 901-6.
Alpsoy E, Donmez L, Onder M, et al. Clinical features and natural course of Behçet's disease in 661 cases: a multicentre study. Br J Dermatol. 2007;157(5):901-6.
Alpsoy, E., Donmez, L., Onder, M., Gunasti, S., Usta, A., Karincaoglu, Y., Kandi, B., Buyukkara, S., Keseroglu, O., Uzun, S., Tursen, U., Seyhan, M., & Akman, A. (2007). Clinical features and natural course of Behçet's disease in 661 cases: a multicentre study. The British Journal of Dermatology, 157(5), 901-6.
Alpsoy E, et al. Clinical Features and Natural Course of Behçet's Disease in 661 Cases: a Multicentre Study. Br J Dermatol. 2007;157(5):901-6. PubMed PMID: 17711526.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clinical features and natural course of Behçet's disease in 661 cases: a multicentre study. AU - Alpsoy,E, AU - Donmez,L, AU - Onder,M, AU - Gunasti,S, AU - Usta,A, AU - Karincaoglu,Y, AU - Kandi,B, AU - Buyukkara,S, AU - Keseroglu,O, AU - Uzun,S, AU - Tursen,U, AU - Seyhan,M, AU - Akman,A, Y1 - 2007/08/17/ PY - 2007/8/23/pubmed PY - 2008/4/9/medline PY - 2007/8/23/entrez SP - 901 EP - 6 JF - The British journal of dermatology JO - Br. J. Dermatol. VL - 157 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic inflammatory disease with unpredictable exacerbations and remissions. The natural course of BD is not fully known. OBJECTIVES: We aimed retrospectively to determine the occurrence of the symptoms in chronological order. We also evaluated the influence of the treatment and follow-up on the clinical severity and tried to identify the factors determining severe organ involvement. METHODS: Six hundred and sixty-one patients were involved in this multicentre study. The symptoms of the disease were recorded retrospectively in the time order of the manifestations in each patient. RESULTS: Oral ulcers were the most common manifestation (100%), followed by genital ulcers (85.3%), papulopustular lesions (55.4%), erythema nodosum (44.2%), skin pathergy reaction (37.8%), and articular (33.4%) and ocular involvement (29.2%). Oral ulcers were the most common onset manifestation (88.7%). The mean +/- SD duration between the onset symptom and the fulfilment of diagnostic criteria was calculated to be 4.3 +/- 5.7 years. The clinical severity score was significantly increased in the noncompliant treatment group compared with the compliant group with the passage of time (P < 0.001). The frequency of ocular involvement and genital ulcers was significantly higher in patients whose disease onset was at < 40 years. Genital ulcers, ocular involvement, papulopustular lesions, thrombophlebitis and skin pathergy reaction were found to be significantly more frequent in males. CONCLUSIONS: Mucocutaneous lesions are the hallmarks of the disease, and especially oral ulcers precede other manifestations. The increase in clinical severity score is more pronounced in patients without regular treatment and follow-up. Male sex and a younger age at onset are associated with more severe disease. SN - 0007-0963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17711526/Clinical_features_and_natural_course_of_Behçet's_disease_in_661_cases:_a_multicentre_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2007.08116.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -