Growth hormone and ghrelin secretion in severely obese women before and after bariatric surgery.Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007 Aug; 15(8):2012-8.O
The objective was to evaluate ghrelin and growth hormone (GH) interactions and responses to a growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)/arginine test in severe obesity before and after surgically-induced weight loss.
RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES
Our study population included 11 severely obese women 39 +/- 12 years of age, with a mean BMI of 48.6 +/- 2.4 kg/m2, re-studied in a phase of stabilized body weight, with a BMI of 33.4 +/- 1.2 kg/m2, 18 months after having successfully undergone biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). A GHRH/arginine test was performed before and 18 months after BPD to evaluate ghrelin and GH interactions. Active ghrelin, measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA), and GH, measured by chemiluminescence assay, were assayed before and after the GHRH/arginine test.
Fasting serum GH levels and GH area under the curve (AUC) significantly increased from 0.2 +/- 0.05 ng/mL to 1 +/- 0.3 ng/mL (p < 0.05) and from 514.76 +/- 98.7 ng/mL for 120 minutes to 1957.3 +/- 665.1 ng/mL for 120 minutes after bariatric surgery (p < 0.05), respectively. Although no significant change in fasting ghrelin levels was observed (573 +/- 77.9 before BPD vs. 574.1 +/- 32.7 after BPD), ghrelin AUC significantly increased from -3253.9 +/- 2180.9 pg/mL for 120 minutes to 1142.3 +/- 916.4 pg/mL for 120 minutes after BPD (p < 0.05). Fasting serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 concentration did not change significantly (133.6 +/- 9.9 ng/mL before vs. 153.3 +/- 25.2 ng/mL after BPD).
Our study demonstrates that the mechanisms involved in ghrelin and GH secretion after the secretagogue stimulus (GHRH/arginine) are consistent with patterns observed in other populations.