Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Musicians detect pitch violation in a foreign language better than nonmusicians: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence.
J Cogn Neurosci. 2007 Sep; 19(9):1453-63.JC

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether musical expertise influences the detection of pitch variations in a foreign language that participants did not understand. To this end, French adults, musicians and nonmusicians, were presented with sentences spoken in Portuguese. The final words of the sentences were prosodically congruous (spoken at normal pitch height) or incongruous (pitch was increased by 35% or 120%). Results showed that when the pitch deviations were small and difficult to detect (35%: weak prosodic incongruities), the level of performance was higher for musicians than for nonmusicians. Moreover, analysis of the time course of pitch processing, as revealed by the event-related brain potentials to the prosodically congruous and incongruous sentence-final words, showed that musicians were, on average, 300 msec faster than nonmusicians to categorize prosodically congruous and incongruous endings. These results are in line with previous ones showing that musical expertise, by increasing discrimination of pitch--a basic acoustic parameter equally important for music and speech prosody--does facilitate the processing of pitch variations not only in music but also in language. Finally, comparison with previous results [Schön, D., Magne, C., & Besson, M. The music of speech: Music training facilitates pitch processing in both music and language. Psychophysiology, 41, 341-349, 2004] points to the influence of semantics on the perception of acoustic prosodic cues.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidade do Porto (FPCE-UP), Portugal. labfala@fpce.up.ptNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17714007

Citation

Marques, Carlos, et al. "Musicians Detect Pitch Violation in a Foreign Language Better Than Nonmusicians: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence." Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 19, no. 9, 2007, pp. 1453-63.
Marques C, Moreno S, Castro SL, et al. Musicians detect pitch violation in a foreign language better than nonmusicians: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. J Cogn Neurosci. 2007;19(9):1453-63.
Marques, C., Moreno, S., Castro, S. L., & Besson, M. (2007). Musicians detect pitch violation in a foreign language better than nonmusicians: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(9), 1453-63.
Marques C, et al. Musicians Detect Pitch Violation in a Foreign Language Better Than Nonmusicians: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence. J Cogn Neurosci. 2007;19(9):1453-63. PubMed PMID: 17714007.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Musicians detect pitch violation in a foreign language better than nonmusicians: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. AU - Marques,Carlos, AU - Moreno,Sylvain, AU - Castro,São Luís, AU - Besson,Mireille, PY - 2007/8/24/pubmed PY - 2007/12/7/medline PY - 2007/8/24/entrez SP - 1453 EP - 63 JF - Journal of cognitive neuroscience JO - J Cogn Neurosci VL - 19 IS - 9 N2 - The aim of this study was to determine whether musical expertise influences the detection of pitch variations in a foreign language that participants did not understand. To this end, French adults, musicians and nonmusicians, were presented with sentences spoken in Portuguese. The final words of the sentences were prosodically congruous (spoken at normal pitch height) or incongruous (pitch was increased by 35% or 120%). Results showed that when the pitch deviations were small and difficult to detect (35%: weak prosodic incongruities), the level of performance was higher for musicians than for nonmusicians. Moreover, analysis of the time course of pitch processing, as revealed by the event-related brain potentials to the prosodically congruous and incongruous sentence-final words, showed that musicians were, on average, 300 msec faster than nonmusicians to categorize prosodically congruous and incongruous endings. These results are in line with previous ones showing that musical expertise, by increasing discrimination of pitch--a basic acoustic parameter equally important for music and speech prosody--does facilitate the processing of pitch variations not only in music but also in language. Finally, comparison with previous results [Schön, D., Magne, C., & Besson, M. The music of speech: Music training facilitates pitch processing in both music and language. Psychophysiology, 41, 341-349, 2004] points to the influence of semantics on the perception of acoustic prosodic cues. SN - 0898-929X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17714007/Musicians_detect_pitch_violation_in_a_foreign_language_better_than_nonmusicians:_behavioral_and_electrophysiological_evidence_ L2 - https://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/10.1162/jocn.2007.19.9.1453?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -