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Flexural allergic contact dermatitis to benzalkonium chloride in antiseptic bath oil.
Br J Dermatol. 2007 Oct; 157(4):795-8.BJ

Abstract

Benzalkonium chloride (BAK) is an acknowledged irritant but has also been identified as a cause of allergic contact dermatitis. The antiseptic bath emollient Oilatum Plus (Stiefel, High Wycombe, U.K.) contains a relatively high concentration of 6% BAK. We describe six patients who presented with flexural eczema, particularly involving the anogenital area, who had a history of using Oilatum Plus. Patch testing showed all six to have a type 4 allergy to BAK as well as other allergens. Avoidance of Oilatum Plus led to a resolution of the flexural eczema in each case.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Occupational Dermatology, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, U.K. samantha999hann@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17714561

Citation

Hann, S, et al. "Flexural Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Benzalkonium Chloride in Antiseptic Bath Oil." The British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 157, no. 4, 2007, pp. 795-8.
Hann S, Hughes TM, Stone NM. Flexural allergic contact dermatitis to benzalkonium chloride in antiseptic bath oil. Br J Dermatol. 2007;157(4):795-8.
Hann, S., Hughes, T. M., & Stone, N. M. (2007). Flexural allergic contact dermatitis to benzalkonium chloride in antiseptic bath oil. The British Journal of Dermatology, 157(4), 795-8.
Hann S, Hughes TM, Stone NM. Flexural Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Benzalkonium Chloride in Antiseptic Bath Oil. Br J Dermatol. 2007;157(4):795-8. PubMed PMID: 17714561.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Flexural allergic contact dermatitis to benzalkonium chloride in antiseptic bath oil. AU - Hann,S, AU - Hughes,T M, AU - Stone,N M, Y1 - 2007/08/21/ PY - 2007/8/24/pubmed PY - 2008/3/7/medline PY - 2007/8/24/entrez SP - 795 EP - 8 JF - The British journal of dermatology JO - Br. J. Dermatol. VL - 157 IS - 4 N2 - Benzalkonium chloride (BAK) is an acknowledged irritant but has also been identified as a cause of allergic contact dermatitis. The antiseptic bath emollient Oilatum Plus (Stiefel, High Wycombe, U.K.) contains a relatively high concentration of 6% BAK. We describe six patients who presented with flexural eczema, particularly involving the anogenital area, who had a history of using Oilatum Plus. Patch testing showed all six to have a type 4 allergy to BAK as well as other allergens. Avoidance of Oilatum Plus led to a resolution of the flexural eczema in each case. SN - 0007-0963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17714561/Flexural_allergic_contact_dermatitis_to_benzalkonium_chloride_in_antiseptic_bath_oil_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2007.08134.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -