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Reducing explicit and implicit outgroup prejudice via direct and extended contact: The mediating role of self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007 Sep; 93(3):369-88.JP

Abstract

In 4 studies, the authors investigated mediators of the effect of cross-group friendship. In Study 1, cross-group friendship among White elementary school children predicted more positive explicit outgroup attitude toward South Asians, mediated by self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. In Study 2, cross-group friendship and extended contact among White and South Asian high school students positively predicted explicit outgroup attitude, mediated by self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. Study 3 replicated these findings in a larger independent sample. In all 3 studies, exposure to the outgroup positively predicted implicit outgroup attitude. Study 4 further showed that self-disclosure improved explicit outgroup attitude via empathy, importance of contact, and intergroup trust. The authors discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings, which argue for the inclusion of self-disclosure as a key component of social interventions to reduce prejudice.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, UK. r.n.turner@leeds.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17723054

Citation

Turner, Rhiannon N., et al. "Reducing Explicit and Implicit Outgroup Prejudice Via Direct and Extended Contact: the Mediating Role of Self-disclosure and Intergroup Anxiety." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 93, no. 3, 2007, pp. 369-88.
Turner RN, Hewstone M, Voci A. Reducing explicit and implicit outgroup prejudice via direct and extended contact: The mediating role of self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;93(3):369-88.
Turner, R. N., Hewstone, M., & Voci, A. (2007). Reducing explicit and implicit outgroup prejudice via direct and extended contact: The mediating role of self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93(3), 369-88.
Turner RN, Hewstone M, Voci A. Reducing Explicit and Implicit Outgroup Prejudice Via Direct and Extended Contact: the Mediating Role of Self-disclosure and Intergroup Anxiety. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;93(3):369-88. PubMed PMID: 17723054.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reducing explicit and implicit outgroup prejudice via direct and extended contact: The mediating role of self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. AU - Turner,Rhiannon N, AU - Hewstone,Miles, AU - Voci,Alberto, PY - 2007/8/29/pubmed PY - 2007/11/14/medline PY - 2007/8/29/entrez SP - 369 EP - 88 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 93 IS - 3 N2 - In 4 studies, the authors investigated mediators of the effect of cross-group friendship. In Study 1, cross-group friendship among White elementary school children predicted more positive explicit outgroup attitude toward South Asians, mediated by self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. In Study 2, cross-group friendship and extended contact among White and South Asian high school students positively predicted explicit outgroup attitude, mediated by self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. Study 3 replicated these findings in a larger independent sample. In all 3 studies, exposure to the outgroup positively predicted implicit outgroup attitude. Study 4 further showed that self-disclosure improved explicit outgroup attitude via empathy, importance of contact, and intergroup trust. The authors discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings, which argue for the inclusion of self-disclosure as a key component of social interventions to reduce prejudice. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17723054/Reducing_explicit_and_implicit_outgroup_prejudice_via_direct_and_extended_contact:_The_mediating_role_of_self_disclosure_and_intergroup_anxiety_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/93/3/369 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -