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The influence of open goals on the acquisition of problem-relevant information.
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 2007; 33(5):876-91JE

Abstract

There have been a number of recent findings indicating that unsolved problems, or open goals more generally, influence cognition even when the current task has no relation to the task in which the goal was originally set. It was hypothesized that open goals would influence what information entered the problem-solving process. Three studies were conducted to establish the effect of open goals on the acquisition of problem-relevant information. It was found that problem-relevant information, or hints, presented implicitly in a 2nd task in between attempts at solving problems aided problem solving. This effect cannot be attributed to strategic behavior after participants caught on to the manipulation, as most participants were not aware of the relationship. The implications of this research are discussed, including potential contributions to our understanding of insight, incubation, transfer, and creativity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburg, PA 15213, USA. jarrodm@cmu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17723066

Citation

Moss, Jarrod, et al. "The Influence of Open Goals On the Acquisition of Problem-relevant Information." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 33, no. 5, 2007, pp. 876-91.
Moss J, Kotovsky K, Cagan J. The influence of open goals on the acquisition of problem-relevant information. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2007;33(5):876-91.
Moss, J., Kotovsky, K., & Cagan, J. (2007). The influence of open goals on the acquisition of problem-relevant information. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33(5), pp. 876-91.
Moss J, Kotovsky K, Cagan J. The Influence of Open Goals On the Acquisition of Problem-relevant Information. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2007;33(5):876-91. PubMed PMID: 17723066.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of open goals on the acquisition of problem-relevant information. AU - Moss,Jarrod, AU - Kotovsky,Kenneth, AU - Cagan,Jonathan, PY - 2007/8/29/pubmed PY - 2008/1/15/medline PY - 2007/8/29/entrez SP - 876 EP - 91 JF - Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition JO - J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn VL - 33 IS - 5 N2 - There have been a number of recent findings indicating that unsolved problems, or open goals more generally, influence cognition even when the current task has no relation to the task in which the goal was originally set. It was hypothesized that open goals would influence what information entered the problem-solving process. Three studies were conducted to establish the effect of open goals on the acquisition of problem-relevant information. It was found that problem-relevant information, or hints, presented implicitly in a 2nd task in between attempts at solving problems aided problem solving. This effect cannot be attributed to strategic behavior after participants caught on to the manipulation, as most participants were not aware of the relationship. The implications of this research are discussed, including potential contributions to our understanding of insight, incubation, transfer, and creativity. SN - 0278-7393 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17723066/The_influence_of_open_goals_on_the_acquisition_of_problem_relevant_information_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/xlm/33/5/876 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -