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Dietary nutrient intake and major food sources: the Nutrition and Health Survey of Taiwan Elementary School Children 2001-2002.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate nutrient intake and their dietary sources in Taiwanese children ages 6-12 years by analyzing the 24-hour recall data of 2386 participants from a nationally representative sample. Results showed that children in Taiwan were slightly lower in mean proportion of energy intake from carbohydrates (53.5% of energy intake) and higher in those from fats (30.8%) and protein (15.8%) as based on the recommendations of Department of Health in Taiwan. The mean intake of vitamins and of minerals by children was equivalent to or exceeded Daily Reference Intake of Taiwan (DRI) or other recommended standards with the exception of a seriously insufficient calcium intake and extremely high sodium intake. A substantial proportion of children in different age/gender/location strata had lower mean vitamin and mineral intake by DRI and other recommended standards. These nutrient profiles were mainly related to dietary patterns with relatively low intake of fruits, vegetables, cereals/grains, and dairy products, but high intake of the protein-rich foods, salt/sauces, and fats/oils. According to the suboptimal dietary nutrient profiles of Taiwanese children, particularly in the underprivileged areas, recommendations are made in this article for policy makers and health practitioners to consider in order to improve dietary quality of elementary school children.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Food and Nutrition, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Child
    Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Diet
    Dietary Carbohydrates
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Fiber
    Dietary Proteins
    Energy Intake
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Health Surveys
    Humans
    Male
    Mental Recall
    Minerals
    Nutrition Assessment
    Nutrition Policy
    Nutrition Surveys
    Nutritive Value
    Vitamins

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17723992

    Citation

    Wu, Shin-Jiuan, et al. "Dietary Nutrient Intake and Major Food Sources: the Nutrition and Health Survey of Taiwan Elementary School Children 2001-2002." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 16 Suppl 2, 2007, pp. 518-33.
    Wu SJ, Pan WH, Yeh NH, et al. Dietary nutrient intake and major food sources: the Nutrition and Health Survey of Taiwan Elementary School Children 2001-2002. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16 Suppl 2:518-33.
    Wu, S. J., Pan, W. H., Yeh, N. H., & Chang, H. Y. (2007). Dietary nutrient intake and major food sources: the Nutrition and Health Survey of Taiwan Elementary School Children 2001-2002. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 16 Suppl 2, pp. 518-33.
    Wu SJ, et al. Dietary Nutrient Intake and Major Food Sources: the Nutrition and Health Survey of Taiwan Elementary School Children 2001-2002. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16 Suppl 2:518-33. PubMed PMID: 17723992.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary nutrient intake and major food sources: the Nutrition and Health Survey of Taiwan Elementary School Children 2001-2002. AU - Wu,Shin-Jiuan, AU - Pan,Wen-Harn, AU - Yeh,Nai-Hua, AU - Chang,Hsing-Yi, PY - 2007/10/4/pubmed PY - 2007/10/24/medline PY - 2007/10/4/entrez SP - 518 EP - 33 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 16 Suppl 2 N2 - The aim of the study was to investigate nutrient intake and their dietary sources in Taiwanese children ages 6-12 years by analyzing the 24-hour recall data of 2386 participants from a nationally representative sample. Results showed that children in Taiwan were slightly lower in mean proportion of energy intake from carbohydrates (53.5% of energy intake) and higher in those from fats (30.8%) and protein (15.8%) as based on the recommendations of Department of Health in Taiwan. The mean intake of vitamins and of minerals by children was equivalent to or exceeded Daily Reference Intake of Taiwan (DRI) or other recommended standards with the exception of a seriously insufficient calcium intake and extremely high sodium intake. A substantial proportion of children in different age/gender/location strata had lower mean vitamin and mineral intake by DRI and other recommended standards. These nutrient profiles were mainly related to dietary patterns with relatively low intake of fruits, vegetables, cereals/grains, and dairy products, but high intake of the protein-rich foods, salt/sauces, and fats/oils. According to the suboptimal dietary nutrient profiles of Taiwanese children, particularly in the underprivileged areas, recommendations are made in this article for policy makers and health practitioners to consider in order to improve dietary quality of elementary school children. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17723992/Dietary_nutrient_intake_and_major_food_sources:_the_Nutrition_and_Health_Survey_of_Taiwan_Elementary_School_Children_2001_2002_ L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/16 Suppl 2//518.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -