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Diet quality of pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Nakuru, Kenya.
Ann Nutr Metab. 2007; 51(4):324-30.AN

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS

To determine diet quality and common food sources of various nutrients of pregnant Kenyan women.

METHODS

Cross-sectional study of 716 pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic at the Provincial General Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya. Nutrient intake was estimated using the 24-hour dietary recall method.

RESULTS

Inadequate nutrient intake was found for energy, total folic acid, calcium, iron and zinc. Adequate intake was found for protein, fat, PUFA, carbohydrate, dietary fiber, vitamins A and C. Diet quality was poor as evidenced from the food sources of various nutrients. Maize flour was the most common source of the following nutrients: energy, protein, total folic acid, iron and zinc. Young women and those of low socio-economic status were at risk of inadequate intake of some of the nutrients.

CONCLUSION

The results of this study indicate poor-quality diets of pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic, low in multiple micronutrients. Nutrient education for dietary diversification and nutrient supplementation should be explored as interventions for improving nutrient intake among pregnant women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. ernaehrungswissenschaften@univie.ac.atNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17726309

Citation

Kamau-Mbuthia, Elizabeth, and Ibrahim Elmadfa. "Diet Quality of Pregnant Women Attending an Antenatal Clinic in Nakuru, Kenya." Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, vol. 51, no. 4, 2007, pp. 324-30.
Kamau-Mbuthia E, Elmadfa I. Diet quality of pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Nakuru, Kenya. Ann Nutr Metab. 2007;51(4):324-30.
Kamau-Mbuthia, E., & Elmadfa, I. (2007). Diet quality of pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Nakuru, Kenya. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 51(4), 324-30.
Kamau-Mbuthia E, Elmadfa I. Diet Quality of Pregnant Women Attending an Antenatal Clinic in Nakuru, Kenya. Ann Nutr Metab. 2007;51(4):324-30. PubMed PMID: 17726309.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet quality of pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Nakuru, Kenya. AU - Kamau-Mbuthia,Elizabeth, AU - Elmadfa,Ibrahim, Y1 - 2007/08/28/ PY - 2007/8/30/pubmed PY - 2007/10/13/medline PY - 2007/8/30/entrez SP - 324 EP - 30 JF - Annals of nutrition & metabolism JO - Ann Nutr Metab VL - 51 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine diet quality and common food sources of various nutrients of pregnant Kenyan women. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 716 pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic at the Provincial General Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya. Nutrient intake was estimated using the 24-hour dietary recall method. RESULTS: Inadequate nutrient intake was found for energy, total folic acid, calcium, iron and zinc. Adequate intake was found for protein, fat, PUFA, carbohydrate, dietary fiber, vitamins A and C. Diet quality was poor as evidenced from the food sources of various nutrients. Maize flour was the most common source of the following nutrients: energy, protein, total folic acid, iron and zinc. Young women and those of low socio-economic status were at risk of inadequate intake of some of the nutrients. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate poor-quality diets of pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic, low in multiple micronutrients. Nutrient education for dietary diversification and nutrient supplementation should be explored as interventions for improving nutrient intake among pregnant women. SN - 1421-9697 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17726309/Diet_quality_of_pregnant_women_attending_an_antenatal_clinic_in_Nakuru_Kenya_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000107674 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -