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Family meals during adolescence are associated with higher diet quality and healthful meal patterns during young adulthood.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2007 Sep; 107(9):1502-10.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Cross-sectional research in adolescents has found that eating family meals is associated with better nutritional intake.

OBJECTIVE

To describe meal patterns of young adults and determine if family meal frequency during adolescence is associated with diet quality, meal frequency, social eating, and meal structure during young adulthood.

DESIGN

Population-based, 5-year longitudinal study in Minnesota.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Surveys and food frequency questionnaires were completed by 946 female students and 764 male students in high school classrooms at Time 1 (1998-1999; mean age 15.9 years) and by mail at Time 2 (2003-2004; mean age 20.4 years).

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Multiple linear regression models were used to predict mean levels of young adult outcomes from adolescent family meal frequency. Probability testing of trends in each outcome across ordered categories of family meal frequency used linear contrasts.

RESULTS

Family meal frequency during adolescence predicted higher intakes of fruit (P<0.05), vegetables (P<0.01), dark-green and orange vegetables (P=0.001), and key nutrients and lower intakes of soft drinks (P<0.05) during young adulthood. Frequency of family meals also predicted more breakfast meals (P<0.01) in females and for both sexes predicted more frequent dinner meals (P<0.05), higher priority for meal structure (P<0.001), and higher priority for social eating (P<0.001). Associations between Time 1 family meals and Time 2 dietary outcomes were attenuated with adjustment for Time 1 outcomes but several associations were still statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS

Family meals during adolescence may have a lasting positive influence on dietary quality and meal patterns in young adulthood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd St, Ste 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. hans1621@umn.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17761227

Citation

Larson, Nicole I., et al. "Family Meals During Adolescence Are Associated With Higher Diet Quality and Healthful Meal Patterns During Young Adulthood." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 9, 2007, pp. 1502-10.
Larson NI, Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan PJ, et al. Family meals during adolescence are associated with higher diet quality and healthful meal patterns during young adulthood. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(9):1502-10.
Larson, N. I., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Hannan, P. J., & Story, M. (2007). Family meals during adolescence are associated with higher diet quality and healthful meal patterns during young adulthood. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(9), 1502-10.
Larson NI, et al. Family Meals During Adolescence Are Associated With Higher Diet Quality and Healthful Meal Patterns During Young Adulthood. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(9):1502-10. PubMed PMID: 17761227.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Family meals during adolescence are associated with higher diet quality and healthful meal patterns during young adulthood. AU - Larson,Nicole I, AU - Neumark-Sztainer,Dianne, AU - Hannan,Peter J, AU - Story,Mary, PY - 2006/12/15/received PY - 2007/9/1/pubmed PY - 2007/11/6/medline PY - 2007/9/1/entrez SP - 1502 EP - 10 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 107 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional research in adolescents has found that eating family meals is associated with better nutritional intake. OBJECTIVE: To describe meal patterns of young adults and determine if family meal frequency during adolescence is associated with diet quality, meal frequency, social eating, and meal structure during young adulthood. DESIGN: Population-based, 5-year longitudinal study in Minnesota. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Surveys and food frequency questionnaires were completed by 946 female students and 764 male students in high school classrooms at Time 1 (1998-1999; mean age 15.9 years) and by mail at Time 2 (2003-2004; mean age 20.4 years). STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Multiple linear regression models were used to predict mean levels of young adult outcomes from adolescent family meal frequency. Probability testing of trends in each outcome across ordered categories of family meal frequency used linear contrasts. RESULTS: Family meal frequency during adolescence predicted higher intakes of fruit (P<0.05), vegetables (P<0.01), dark-green and orange vegetables (P=0.001), and key nutrients and lower intakes of soft drinks (P<0.05) during young adulthood. Frequency of family meals also predicted more breakfast meals (P<0.01) in females and for both sexes predicted more frequent dinner meals (P<0.05), higher priority for meal structure (P<0.001), and higher priority for social eating (P<0.001). Associations between Time 1 family meals and Time 2 dietary outcomes were attenuated with adjustment for Time 1 outcomes but several associations were still statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Family meals during adolescence may have a lasting positive influence on dietary quality and meal patterns in young adulthood. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17761227/Family_meals_during_adolescence_are_associated_with_higher_diet_quality_and_healthful_meal_patterns_during_young_adulthood_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(07)01292-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -