Rho kinase inhibitor improves motor dysfunction and hypoalgesia in a rat model of lumbar spinal canal stenosis.Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Sep 01; 32(19):2070-5.S
Immunohistochemical and behavioral study using a rat cauda equina compression model.
To investigate, after cauda equina compression by spinal canal stenosis (SCS), Rho activation in the spinal cord and cauda equina, and the effect of intrathecal administration of a Rho kinase inhibitor on hypoalgesia and motor dysfunction.
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA
Compression of the cauda equina caused by SCS is a common clinical disorder associated with sensory disturbance and intermittent claudication. Cauda equina compression is thought to reduce blood flow and result in nerve degeneration caused by various cytokines. Rho, a member of the small GTPases, is a signal transmitter. It promotes Wallerian degeneration, decreases blood flow in the spinal cord and brain, and increases expression of several cytokines. Currently, Rho kinase inhibitor is used clinically to treat progressive nerve damage due to cerebrovascular disorders. However, its effect for SCS has not been evaluated.
Forty-two 6-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) were used. For the SCS model (n = 27), a small piece of silicon was placed under the lamina of the fourth lumbar vertebra. In the sham-operated group, laminectomies were performed at L5 only (n = 15). We examined mechanical sensitivity and motor function using von Frey hairs and a treadmill, and immunohistochemically localized Rho in the spinal ventral neurons, axons, and Schwann cells in the cauda equina. We also examined the effects of intrathecally administered Rho kinase inhibitor for hypoalgesia or motor dysfunction caused by SCS.
We observed motor dysfunction and hypoalgesia and activated Rho-immunoreactive cells in spinal ventral neuroreported to induce neurite and axonal outgrowth in the spinal cord and brain after nervous system injury. In addition, 1 report showed that Rho kinase was involved in Wallerian degeneration that was rescued by Rho kinase inhibitor. Furthermore, it is thought that Rho is involved in TNF-alpha and interleukin (IL) production in the central nervous system, and the production was inhibited by administering Rho kinase inhibitor in the central nervous system. Regardns, axons, and Schwann cells in the cauda equina. Intrathecal administration of Rho kinase inhibitor improved mechanical hypoalgesia and motor dysfunction caused by SCS.
Activated Rho may play an important role in nerve damage in the cauda equina in SCS. Rho kinase inhibitor may be a useful tool in determining the pathomechanism of cauda equina syndrome caused by SCS.