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Prevalence of overweight and obesity in preschool children and associated socio-demographic factors in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Int J Pediatr Obes. 2007; 2(1):40-50.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the magnitude of overweight and obesity and its relationship with socio-demographic factors among preschool children in urban areas of Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam.

METHODS

This is the baseline measurement from a one-year follow-up study on obesity in children attending kindergartens in HCMC with a sample of 670 children. Socio-demographic information was collected using an interview-administered, pre-coded questionnaire. Weight and height were measured. Body mass index (BMI: kg/m(2)) was calculated and overweight/obesity was defined using age- and sex-specific BMI cut-off points proposed by the International Obesity Task Force.

RESULTS

The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 20.5% (95% CI: 17.5, 24.3) and 16.3% (95% CI: 13.2, 20.4), respectively. The level of overweight/obesity was similar in both less wealthy and wealthy urban areas: 35.9% (95% CI: 29.4, 42.9) and 38.9% (95% CI: 32.3, 45.0), respectively. A multivariate model showed that gender, parental overweight, paternal education, high birth weight, duration of breast-feeding and sleep hours at night were all significantly associated with overweight/obesity (p < 0.05). The prevalence ratio of overweight/obesity and obesity in children where both parents were overweight were 1.87 (95% CI: 1.37, 2.54) and 2.59 (95% CI: 1.46, 4.61) times, respectively, higher than for children whose parents were of normal weight. The prevalence ratio of being obese significantly decreased by 5% (PR: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.93, 0.98) for each additional month of breast-feeding.

CONCLUSIONS

Overweight and obesity is a public health problem in preschool children and apparently becoming widespread in urban areas of HCMC. Overweight and obesity in children were strongly associated with parental overweight status, but longer duration of breast-feeding and longer sleep duration at night appear to protect against overweight and obesity in young children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Centre of Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. thudieuhuynh@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17763009

Citation

Dieu, Huynh Thi Thu, et al. "Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Preschool Children and Associated Socio-demographic Factors in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam." International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 2, no. 1, 2007, pp. 40-50.
Dieu HT, Dibley MJ, Sibbritt D, et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in preschool children and associated socio-demographic factors in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2007;2(1):40-50.
Dieu, H. T., Dibley, M. J., Sibbritt, D., & Hanh, T. T. (2007). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in preschool children and associated socio-demographic factors in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 2(1), 40-50.
Dieu HT, et al. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Preschool Children and Associated Socio-demographic Factors in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2007;2(1):40-50. PubMed PMID: 17763009.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of overweight and obesity in preschool children and associated socio-demographic factors in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. AU - Dieu,Huynh Thi Thu, AU - Dibley,Michael J, AU - Sibbritt,David, AU - Hanh,Tran Thi Minh, PY - 2007/9/1/pubmed PY - 2007/9/19/medline PY - 2007/9/1/entrez SP - 40 EP - 50 JF - International journal of pediatric obesity : IJPO : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Int J Pediatr Obes VL - 2 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the magnitude of overweight and obesity and its relationship with socio-demographic factors among preschool children in urban areas of Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. METHODS: This is the baseline measurement from a one-year follow-up study on obesity in children attending kindergartens in HCMC with a sample of 670 children. Socio-demographic information was collected using an interview-administered, pre-coded questionnaire. Weight and height were measured. Body mass index (BMI: kg/m(2)) was calculated and overweight/obesity was defined using age- and sex-specific BMI cut-off points proposed by the International Obesity Task Force. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 20.5% (95% CI: 17.5, 24.3) and 16.3% (95% CI: 13.2, 20.4), respectively. The level of overweight/obesity was similar in both less wealthy and wealthy urban areas: 35.9% (95% CI: 29.4, 42.9) and 38.9% (95% CI: 32.3, 45.0), respectively. A multivariate model showed that gender, parental overweight, paternal education, high birth weight, duration of breast-feeding and sleep hours at night were all significantly associated with overweight/obesity (p < 0.05). The prevalence ratio of overweight/obesity and obesity in children where both parents were overweight were 1.87 (95% CI: 1.37, 2.54) and 2.59 (95% CI: 1.46, 4.61) times, respectively, higher than for children whose parents were of normal weight. The prevalence ratio of being obese significantly decreased by 5% (PR: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.93, 0.98) for each additional month of breast-feeding. CONCLUSIONS: Overweight and obesity is a public health problem in preschool children and apparently becoming widespread in urban areas of HCMC. Overweight and obesity in children were strongly associated with parental overweight status, but longer duration of breast-feeding and longer sleep duration at night appear to protect against overweight and obesity in young children. SN - 1747-7166 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17763009/Prevalence_of_overweight_and_obesity_in_preschool_children_and_associated_socio_demographic_factors_in_Ho_Chi_Minh_City_Vietnam_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1080/17477160601103922 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -