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Experience with alcohol and ability to discriminate legal intoxication status: a field study.
Addict Behav. 1991; 16(5):355-62.AB

Abstract

The research on blood alcohol level (BAL) discrimination training indicates that normal social drinkers can be taught to estimate successfully their level of intoxication. These studies show, however, that prior to training, skills for estimating intoxication are poor. The current study was undertaken to demonstrate that a sample of individuals in an actual drinking setting would have difficulty in estimating their blood alcohol level. It was expected that greater experience with alcohol would be associated with poorer abilities to discriminate legal intoxication. Subjects were 99 volunteers selected from the patrons of two bars. Participants completed a brief questionnaire assessing their typical alcohol use, the number of drinks consumed on this particular occasion, and whether they believed that they were currently over the legal limit for intoxication. A breathalyzer was used to determine actual level of intoxication. Results generally supported the hypotheses. Situational factors, including experimenter and drinking location, affected accuracy of estimations. Actual BAL also had a significant effect on accuracy. Errors in estimation were most often in the direction of overestimating intoxication. There was also a sex of subject effect, with males being heavier drinkers and estimating intoxication more poorly than females. Results are discussed in terms of situation and expectancy effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Clemson University, SC 29634.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1776552

Citation

Williams, J G.. "Experience With Alcohol and Ability to Discriminate Legal Intoxication Status: a Field Study." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 16, no. 5, 1991, pp. 355-62.
Williams JG. Experience with alcohol and ability to discriminate legal intoxication status: a field study. Addict Behav. 1991;16(5):355-62.
Williams, J. G. (1991). Experience with alcohol and ability to discriminate legal intoxication status: a field study. Addictive Behaviors, 16(5), 355-62.
Williams JG. Experience With Alcohol and Ability to Discriminate Legal Intoxication Status: a Field Study. Addict Behav. 1991;16(5):355-62. PubMed PMID: 1776552.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Experience with alcohol and ability to discriminate legal intoxication status: a field study. A1 - Williams,J G, PY - 1991/1/1/pubmed PY - 1991/1/1/medline PY - 1991/1/1/entrez SP - 355 EP - 62 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 16 IS - 5 N2 - The research on blood alcohol level (BAL) discrimination training indicates that normal social drinkers can be taught to estimate successfully their level of intoxication. These studies show, however, that prior to training, skills for estimating intoxication are poor. The current study was undertaken to demonstrate that a sample of individuals in an actual drinking setting would have difficulty in estimating their blood alcohol level. It was expected that greater experience with alcohol would be associated with poorer abilities to discriminate legal intoxication. Subjects were 99 volunteers selected from the patrons of two bars. Participants completed a brief questionnaire assessing their typical alcohol use, the number of drinks consumed on this particular occasion, and whether they believed that they were currently over the legal limit for intoxication. A breathalyzer was used to determine actual level of intoxication. Results generally supported the hypotheses. Situational factors, including experimenter and drinking location, affected accuracy of estimations. Actual BAL also had a significant effect on accuracy. Errors in estimation were most often in the direction of overestimating intoxication. There was also a sex of subject effect, with males being heavier drinkers and estimating intoxication more poorly than females. Results are discussed in terms of situation and expectancy effects. SN - 0306-4603 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1776552/Experience_with_alcohol_and_ability_to_discriminate_legal_intoxication_status:_a_field_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0306-4603(91)90029-H DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -