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Firearm legislation reform in the European Union: impact on firearm availability, firearm suicide and homicide rates in Austria.
Br J Psychiatry 2007; 191:253-7BJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The availability of firearms in homes and at aggregate levels is a risk factor for suicide and homicide. One method of reducing access to suicidal means is the restriction of firearm availability through more stringent legislation.

AIMS

To evaluate the impact of firearm legislation reform on firearm suicides and homicides as well as on the availability of firearms in Austria.

METHOD

Official statistics on suicides, firearm homicides and firearm licences issued from 1985 to 2005 were examined. To assess the effect of the new firearm law, enacted in 1997, linear regression and Poisson regressions were performed using data from before and after the law reform.

RESULTS

The rate of firearm suicides among some age groups, percentage of firearm suicides, as well as the rate of firearm homicides and the rate of firearm licences, significantly decreased after a more stringent firearm law had been implemented.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings provide evidence that the introduction of restrictive firearmlegislation effectively reduced the rates of firearm suicide and homicide. The decline in firearm-related deaths seems to have been mediated by the legal restriction of firearm availability. Restrictive firearm legislation should be an integral part of national suicide prevention programmes in countries with high firearm suicide rates.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medical University of Vienna, Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria. nestor.kapusta@meduniwien.ac.atNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17766767

Citation

Kapusta, Nestor D., et al. "Firearm Legislation Reform in the European Union: Impact On Firearm Availability, Firearm Suicide and Homicide Rates in Austria." The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science, vol. 191, 2007, pp. 253-7.
Kapusta ND, Etzersdorfer E, Krall C, et al. Firearm legislation reform in the European Union: impact on firearm availability, firearm suicide and homicide rates in Austria. Br J Psychiatry. 2007;191:253-7.
Kapusta, N. D., Etzersdorfer, E., Krall, C., & Sonneck, G. (2007). Firearm legislation reform in the European Union: impact on firearm availability, firearm suicide and homicide rates in Austria. The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science, 191, pp. 253-7.
Kapusta ND, et al. Firearm Legislation Reform in the European Union: Impact On Firearm Availability, Firearm Suicide and Homicide Rates in Austria. Br J Psychiatry. 2007;191:253-7. PubMed PMID: 17766767.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Firearm legislation reform in the European Union: impact on firearm availability, firearm suicide and homicide rates in Austria. AU - Kapusta,Nestor D, AU - Etzersdorfer,Elmar, AU - Krall,Christoph, AU - Sonneck,Gernot, PY - 2007/9/4/pubmed PY - 2007/12/13/medline PY - 2007/9/4/entrez SP - 253 EP - 7 JF - The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science JO - Br J Psychiatry VL - 191 N2 - BACKGROUND: The availability of firearms in homes and at aggregate levels is a risk factor for suicide and homicide. One method of reducing access to suicidal means is the restriction of firearm availability through more stringent legislation. AIMS: To evaluate the impact of firearm legislation reform on firearm suicides and homicides as well as on the availability of firearms in Austria. METHOD: Official statistics on suicides, firearm homicides and firearm licences issued from 1985 to 2005 were examined. To assess the effect of the new firearm law, enacted in 1997, linear regression and Poisson regressions were performed using data from before and after the law reform. RESULTS: The rate of firearm suicides among some age groups, percentage of firearm suicides, as well as the rate of firearm homicides and the rate of firearm licences, significantly decreased after a more stringent firearm law had been implemented. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence that the introduction of restrictive firearmlegislation effectively reduced the rates of firearm suicide and homicide. The decline in firearm-related deaths seems to have been mediated by the legal restriction of firearm availability. Restrictive firearm legislation should be an integral part of national suicide prevention programmes in countries with high firearm suicide rates. SN - 0007-1250 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17766767/Firearm_legislation_reform_in_the_European_Union:_impact_on_firearm_availability_firearm_suicide_and_homicide_rates_in_Austria_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007125000246461/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -