Metabolic syndrome and C-reactive protein among cardiology patients.Arch Med Res. 2007 Oct; 38(7):783-8.AM
Associations between inflammation, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and cardiovascular disease have been reported. Limited information, however, is available on the prevalence of MetS and its relation to inflammation among Georgian cardiology patients. We investigated MetS components (elevated blood pressure, abdominal obesity, elevated triglyceride concentrations, decreased HDL-cholesterol concentrations, and elevated fasting glucose) and their relationships with C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations in this population.
A total of 167 patients (mean age 53.1 years, 54% male) who attended an Emergency Cardiology Center in Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. In-person interviews and clinical exams, as well as laboratory studies, were conducted to characterize MetS (using the ATP III criteria) and cardiac conditions in the study population. CRP concentrations were determined using standardized immunoassays.
Overall prevalence of MetS was 40.7%. Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) had higher CRP concentrations compared with non-CHD patients. A linear relationship between increase in number of MetS components and CRP concentrations was observed among females (p value for linear trend <0.05), but not males. Further, among females, all components of MetS except HDL-C concentrations were correlated with CRP concentrations after adjustment for age and body mass index (all p values <0.05). However, among males, only abdominal obesity was significantly correlated with CRP.
MetS is prevalent among Georgian cardiology patients. CRP concentrations are positively associated with MetS. Further prospective studies are required to determine whether combining MetS and CRP data may have utility in the assessment of risk for developing future cardiovascular events in both males and females.