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The Fontan procedure: contemporary techniques have improved long-term outcomes.
Circulation. 2007 Sep 11; 116(11 Suppl):I157-64.Circ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To determine whether patients undergoing the lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit modifications of the Fontan procedure have better outcomes than patients undergoing a classical atriopulmonary connection.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Between 1980 and 2000, 305 consecutive patients underwent a Fontan procedure at our institution. There were 10 hospital deaths (mortality: 3%) with no death after 1990. Independent risk factors for mortality were preoperative elevated pulmonary artery pressures (P=0.002) and common atrioventricular valve (P=0.04). Fontan was taken down during hospital stay in 7 patients. A mean of 12+/-6 years of follow-up was obtained in the 257 nonforeign Fontan survivors. Completeness of concurrent follow-up was 96%. Twenty-year survival was 84% (95% CI: 79 to 89%). Recent techniques improved late survival. The 15-year survival after atriopulmonary connection was 81% (95% CI: 73% to 87%) versus 94% (95% CI: 79% to 98%) for lateral tunnel (P=0.004). Nine pts required heart transplantation (8 atriopulmonary connection, 1 lateral tunnel). Undergoing a Fontan modification independently predicted decreased occurrence of arrhythmia, and 15-year freedom from SVT was 61% (95% CI: 51% to 70%) for atriopulmonary connection versus 87% (95% CI: 76% to 93%) for lateral tunnel (P=0.02). Freedom from Fontan failure (death, take-down, transplantation, or NYHA class III-IV) was 70% (95% CI: 58% to 79%) at 20 years. After extra-cardiac conduits, no death, SVT, or failure was observed.

CONCLUSIONS

The Fontan procedure remains a palliation, but outcomes of patients have improved. Better patient selection minimizes hospital mortality. Patients with lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit modifications experience less arrhythmia and are likely to have failure of their Fontan circulation postponed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Royal Children's Hopital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Melbourne 3052, Victoria Australia. yves.dudekem@rch.org.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17846297

Citation

d'Udekem, Yves, et al. "The Fontan Procedure: Contemporary Techniques Have Improved Long-term Outcomes." Circulation, vol. 116, no. 11 Suppl, 2007, pp. I157-64.
d'Udekem Y, Iyengar AJ, Cochrane AD, et al. The Fontan procedure: contemporary techniques have improved long-term outcomes. Circulation. 2007;116(11 Suppl):I157-64.
d'Udekem, Y., Iyengar, A. J., Cochrane, A. D., Grigg, L. E., Ramsay, J. M., Wheaton, G. R., Penny, D. J., & Brizard, C. P. (2007). The Fontan procedure: contemporary techniques have improved long-term outcomes. Circulation, 116(11 Suppl), I157-64.
d'Udekem Y, et al. The Fontan Procedure: Contemporary Techniques Have Improved Long-term Outcomes. Circulation. 2007 Sep 11;116(11 Suppl):I157-64. PubMed PMID: 17846297.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Fontan procedure: contemporary techniques have improved long-term outcomes. AU - d'Udekem,Yves, AU - Iyengar,Ajay J, AU - Cochrane,Andrew D, AU - Grigg,Leeanne E, AU - Ramsay,James M, AU - Wheaton,Gavin R, AU - Penny,Dan J, AU - Brizard,Christian P, PY - 2007/9/14/pubmed PY - 2007/10/12/medline PY - 2007/9/14/entrez SP - I157 EP - 64 JF - Circulation JO - Circulation VL - 116 IS - 11 Suppl N2 - BACKGROUND: To determine whether patients undergoing the lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit modifications of the Fontan procedure have better outcomes than patients undergoing a classical atriopulmonary connection. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1980 and 2000, 305 consecutive patients underwent a Fontan procedure at our institution. There were 10 hospital deaths (mortality: 3%) with no death after 1990. Independent risk factors for mortality were preoperative elevated pulmonary artery pressures (P=0.002) and common atrioventricular valve (P=0.04). Fontan was taken down during hospital stay in 7 patients. A mean of 12+/-6 years of follow-up was obtained in the 257 nonforeign Fontan survivors. Completeness of concurrent follow-up was 96%. Twenty-year survival was 84% (95% CI: 79 to 89%). Recent techniques improved late survival. The 15-year survival after atriopulmonary connection was 81% (95% CI: 73% to 87%) versus 94% (95% CI: 79% to 98%) for lateral tunnel (P=0.004). Nine pts required heart transplantation (8 atriopulmonary connection, 1 lateral tunnel). Undergoing a Fontan modification independently predicted decreased occurrence of arrhythmia, and 15-year freedom from SVT was 61% (95% CI: 51% to 70%) for atriopulmonary connection versus 87% (95% CI: 76% to 93%) for lateral tunnel (P=0.02). Freedom from Fontan failure (death, take-down, transplantation, or NYHA class III-IV) was 70% (95% CI: 58% to 79%) at 20 years. After extra-cardiac conduits, no death, SVT, or failure was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The Fontan procedure remains a palliation, but outcomes of patients have improved. Better patient selection minimizes hospital mortality. Patients with lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit modifications experience less arrhythmia and are likely to have failure of their Fontan circulation postponed. SN - 1524-4539 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17846297/The_Fontan_procedure:_contemporary_techniques_have_improved_long_term_outcomes_ L2 - https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.676445?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -