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Acacetin-induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells involves caspase cascade, mitochondria-mediated death signaling and SAPK/JNK1/2-c-Jun activation.
Mol Cells. 2007 Aug 31; 24(1):95-104.MC

Abstract

The mechanism of acacetin-induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells was investigated. Acacetin caused 50% growth inhibition (IC50) of MCF-7 cells at 26.4% 0.7% M over 24 h in the MTT assay. Apoptosis was characterized by DNA fragmentation and an increase of sub-G1 cells and involved activation of caspase-7 and PARP (poly-ADP-ribose polymerase). Maximum caspase 7 activity was observed with 100 microM acacetin for 24 h. Caspase 8 and 9 activation cascades mediated the activation of caspase 7. Acacetin caused a reduction of Bcl-2 expression leading to an increase of the Bax:Bcl-2 ratio. It also caused a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential that induced release of cytochrome c and apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) into the cytoplasm, enhancing ROS generation and subsequently resulting in apoptosis. Pretreatment of cells with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) reduced ROS generation and cell growth inhibition, and pretreatment with NAC or a caspase 8 inhibitor (Z-IETD-FMK) inhibited the acacetin-induced loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and release of cytochrome c and AIF. Stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun NH4-terminal kinase 1/2 (SAPK/ JNK1/2) and c-Jun were activated by acacetin but extracellular-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2) nor p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were not. Our results show that acacetin-induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells is mediated by caspase activation cascades, ROS generation, mitochondria-mediated cell death signaling and the SAPK/JNK1/2-c-Jun signaling pathway, activated by acacetin-induced ROS generation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Advanced Technology Fusion and Bio/Molecular Informatics Center, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea;No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17846503

Citation

Shim, Hye-Young, et al. "Acacetin-induced Apoptosis of Human Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells Involves Caspase Cascade, Mitochondria-mediated Death Signaling and SAPK/JNK1/2-c-Jun Activation." Molecules and Cells, vol. 24, no. 1, 2007, pp. 95-104.
Shim HY, Park JH, Paik HD, et al. Acacetin-induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells involves caspase cascade, mitochondria-mediated death signaling and SAPK/JNK1/2-c-Jun activation. Mol Cells. 2007;24(1):95-104.
Shim, H. Y., Park, J. H., Paik, H. D., Nah, S. Y., Kim, D. S., & Han, Y. S. (2007). Acacetin-induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells involves caspase cascade, mitochondria-mediated death signaling and SAPK/JNK1/2-c-Jun activation. Molecules and Cells, 24(1), 95-104.
Shim HY, et al. Acacetin-induced Apoptosis of Human Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells Involves Caspase Cascade, Mitochondria-mediated Death Signaling and SAPK/JNK1/2-c-Jun Activation. Mol Cells. 2007 Aug 31;24(1):95-104. PubMed PMID: 17846503.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acacetin-induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells involves caspase cascade, mitochondria-mediated death signaling and SAPK/JNK1/2-c-Jun activation. AU - Shim,Hye-Young, AU - Park,Jong-Hwa, AU - Paik,Hyun-Dong, AU - Nah,Seung-Yeol, AU - Kim,Darrick S H L, AU - Han,Ye Sun, PY - 2007/9/12/pubmed PY - 2007/10/31/medline PY - 2007/9/12/entrez SP - 95 EP - 104 JF - Molecules and cells JO - Mol Cells VL - 24 IS - 1 N2 - The mechanism of acacetin-induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells was investigated. Acacetin caused 50% growth inhibition (IC50) of MCF-7 cells at 26.4% 0.7% M over 24 h in the MTT assay. Apoptosis was characterized by DNA fragmentation and an increase of sub-G1 cells and involved activation of caspase-7 and PARP (poly-ADP-ribose polymerase). Maximum caspase 7 activity was observed with 100 microM acacetin for 24 h. Caspase 8 and 9 activation cascades mediated the activation of caspase 7. Acacetin caused a reduction of Bcl-2 expression leading to an increase of the Bax:Bcl-2 ratio. It also caused a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential that induced release of cytochrome c and apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) into the cytoplasm, enhancing ROS generation and subsequently resulting in apoptosis. Pretreatment of cells with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) reduced ROS generation and cell growth inhibition, and pretreatment with NAC or a caspase 8 inhibitor (Z-IETD-FMK) inhibited the acacetin-induced loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and release of cytochrome c and AIF. Stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun NH4-terminal kinase 1/2 (SAPK/ JNK1/2) and c-Jun were activated by acacetin but extracellular-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2) nor p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were not. Our results show that acacetin-induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells is mediated by caspase activation cascades, ROS generation, mitochondria-mediated cell death signaling and the SAPK/JNK1/2-c-Jun signaling pathway, activated by acacetin-induced ROS generation. SN - 1016-8478 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17846503/Acacetin_induced_apoptosis_of_human_breast_cancer_MCF_7_cells_involves_caspase_cascade_mitochondria_mediated_death_signaling_and_SAPK/JNK1/2_c_Jun_activation_ L2 - http://www.molcells.org/journal/view.html?year=2007&volume=24&number=1&spage=95 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -