Time-related changes in constitutive and inducible nitric oxide synthases in the rat striatum in a model of Huntington's disease.Neurotoxicology. 2007 Nov; 28(6):1200-7.N
Excitotoxicity and oxidative stress are mechanisms involved in the neuronal cell death induced by the intrastriatal injection of quinolinic acid (QUIN) as a model of Huntington's disease. Production of nitric oxide by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has been proposed to participate in QUIN-induced neurotoxicity; however, the precise role of NOS in QUIN-induced toxicity still remains controversial. In order to provide further information on the role of NOS isoforms in QUIN toxicity, we performed real time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry of inducible NOS (iNOS), endothelial NOS (eNOS) and neuronal NOS (nNOS) and determined Ca(2+)-dependent and Ca(2+)-independent NOS activity in a temporal course (3-48h), after an intrastriatal injection of QUIN to rats. NOS isoforms exhibited a transitory expression of mRNA and protein after QUIN infusion: eNOS increased between 3 and 24h, iNOS between 12 and 24h, while nNOS at 35 and 48h. Ca(2+)-independent activity (iNOS) did not show any change, while Ca(2+)-dependent activity (constitutive NOS: eNOS/nNOS) exhibited increased levels at 3h. Our results support the participation of Ca(2+)-dependent NOS isoforms during the toxic events produced at early times after QUIN injection.