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Prevalence of asthma and wheeze in relation to passive smoking in Japanese children.
Ann Epidemiol. 2007 Dec; 17(12):1004-10.AE

Abstract

PURPOSE

Evidence remains inconclusive as to whether environmental tobacco smoke is a risk factor for allergic disorders in childhood. The present large-scale cross-sectional study examined the relationship between passive smoking at home and the prevalence of allergic disorders in Japanese schoolchildren.

METHODS

Study subjects were 23,044 children aged 6 to 15 years in Okinawa. Outcomes were based on diagnostic criteria from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Adjustment was made for sex, age, region of residence, number of siblings, paternal and maternal history of asthma, atopic eczema, or allergic rhinitis, as well as paternal and maternal educational level.

RESULTS

The prevalence of wheeze, asthma, atopic eczema, and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in the previous 12 months was 10.7%, 7.6%, 6.8%, and 7.7%, respectively. Current heavy passive smoking and 7.0 or more pack-years of smoking in the household were independently related to an increased prevalence of wheeze and asthma, especially in children 6 to 10 years of age and children with a positive parental allergic history. There was no dose-response relationship between pack-years of smoking in the household and atopic eczema or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings suggested that environmental tobacco smoke might be associated with an increased prevalence of wheeze and asthma in Japanese children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan. k-tanaka@fukuoka-u.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17855117

Citation

Tanaka, Keiko, et al. "Prevalence of Asthma and Wheeze in Relation to Passive Smoking in Japanese Children." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 17, no. 12, 2007, pp. 1004-10.
Tanaka K, Miyake Y, Arakawa M, et al. Prevalence of asthma and wheeze in relation to passive smoking in Japanese children. Ann Epidemiol. 2007;17(12):1004-10.
Tanaka, K., Miyake, Y., Arakawa, M., Sasaki, S., & Ohya, Y. (2007). Prevalence of asthma and wheeze in relation to passive smoking in Japanese children. Annals of Epidemiology, 17(12), 1004-10.
Tanaka K, et al. Prevalence of Asthma and Wheeze in Relation to Passive Smoking in Japanese Children. Ann Epidemiol. 2007;17(12):1004-10. PubMed PMID: 17855117.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of asthma and wheeze in relation to passive smoking in Japanese children. AU - Tanaka,Keiko, AU - Miyake,Yoshihiro, AU - Arakawa,Masashi, AU - Sasaki,Satoshi, AU - Ohya,Yukihiro, Y1 - 2007/09/14/ PY - 2006/11/24/received PY - 2007/07/12/revised PY - 2007/07/20/accepted PY - 2007/9/15/pubmed PY - 2008/4/17/medline PY - 2007/9/15/entrez SP - 1004 EP - 10 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 17 IS - 12 N2 - PURPOSE: Evidence remains inconclusive as to whether environmental tobacco smoke is a risk factor for allergic disorders in childhood. The present large-scale cross-sectional study examined the relationship between passive smoking at home and the prevalence of allergic disorders in Japanese schoolchildren. METHODS: Study subjects were 23,044 children aged 6 to 15 years in Okinawa. Outcomes were based on diagnostic criteria from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Adjustment was made for sex, age, region of residence, number of siblings, paternal and maternal history of asthma, atopic eczema, or allergic rhinitis, as well as paternal and maternal educational level. RESULTS: The prevalence of wheeze, asthma, atopic eczema, and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in the previous 12 months was 10.7%, 7.6%, 6.8%, and 7.7%, respectively. Current heavy passive smoking and 7.0 or more pack-years of smoking in the household were independently related to an increased prevalence of wheeze and asthma, especially in children 6 to 10 years of age and children with a positive parental allergic history. There was no dose-response relationship between pack-years of smoking in the household and atopic eczema or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that environmental tobacco smoke might be associated with an increased prevalence of wheeze and asthma in Japanese children. SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17855117/Prevalence_of_asthma_and_wheeze_in_relation_to_passive_smoking_in_Japanese_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1047-2797(07)00378-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -