Validated stability-indicating densitometric thin-layer chromatography: application to stress degradation studies of minocycline.Anal Chim Acta 2007; 599(2):302-9AC
A simple, stability-indicating high-performance thin-layer liquid chromatographic (HPTLC) method for analysis of minocycline was developed and validated. The densitometric analysis was carried out at 345 nm using methanol-acetonitrile-isopropyl alcohol-water (5:4:0.5:0.5, v/v/v/v) as mobile phase. The method employed TLC aluminium plates pre-coated with silica gel 60F-254 as the stationary phase. To achieve good result, plates were sprayed with a 10% (w/v) solution of disodium ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), the pH of which was adjusted to 9.0. Compact spots of minocycline were found at R(f) = 0.30+/-0.02. For proposed procedure, linearity (r = 0.9997), limit of detection (3.7 ng spot(-1)), recovery (99.23-100.16%), and precision (% R.S.D. < or = 0.364) was found to be satisfactory. The drug undergoes acidic and basic degradation, oxidation and photodegradation. All the peaks of degradation products were well resolved from the pure drug with significantly different R(f) values. The acidic and alkaline degradation kinetics of minocycline, evaluated using this method, is found to be of first order.