Application of gas chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry for the multiresidue analysis of pesticides in olive oil.J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Oct 17; 55(21):8346-52.JA
A new multiresidue method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of 100 pesticide residues in olive oil. The determination of pesticide residues was carried out in only 19 min by gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry using a triple quadrupole mass analyzer. The mass spectrometer was operated in electron ionization and the selection reaction monitoring mode was used, acquiring two or three fragmentation reactions per compound. Two extraction processes were studied, and an evaluation of the stability and sensitivity of the chromatographic system has been performed for the tested extraction procedures. The final proposed methodology was based on a liquid-liquid partition with an n-hexane/acetonitrile mixture followed by a gel permeation chromatography cleanup step. An adequate lineal relation was obtained in the studied concentration range (10-200 microg kg (-1)); the recovery values were in the range 70-110% for the two levels of concentration studied: 12 and 50 microg kg (-1). Precision values, expressed as relative standard deviation, were lower than 18% at the aforementioned spiking levels; detection limits, confirmation limits, and quantitation limits were below or equal to 1.9, 2.6, and 3.6 microg kg (-1), respectively. The developed methodology was applied to the analysis of pesticide residues in real samples of olive oil from the south of Spain.