Mutant p53 attenuates the SMAD-dependent transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) signaling pathway by repressing the expression of TGF-beta receptor type II.Mol Cell Biol. 2007 Dec; 27(23):8228-42.MC
Both transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and p53 have been shown to control normal cell growth. Acquired mutations either in the TGF-beta signaling pathway or in the p53 protein were shown to induce malignant transformation. Recently, cross talk between wild-type p53 and the TGF-beta pathway was observed. The notion that mutant p53 interferes with the wild-type p53-induced pathway and acts by a "gain-of-function" mechanism prompted us to investigate the effect of mutant p53 on the TGF-beta-induced pathway. In this study, we show that cells expressing mutant p53 lost their sensitivity to TGF-beta1, as observed by less cell migration and a reduction in wound healing. We found that mutant p53 attenuates TGF-beta1 signaling. This was exhibited by a reduction in SMAD2/3 phosphorylation and an inhibition of both the formation of SMAD2/SMAD4 complexes and the translocation of SMAD4 to the cell nucleus. Furthermore, we found that mutant p53 attenuates the TGF-beta1-induced transcription activity of SMAD2/3 proteins. In searching for the mechanism that underlies this attenuation, we found that mutant p53 reduces the expression of TGF-beta receptor type II. These data provide important insights into the molecular mechanisms that underlie mutant p53 "gain of function" pertaining to the TGF-beta signaling pathway.