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Body fat is associated with blood pressure in school-aged girls with low cardiorespiratory fitness: the European Youth Heart Study.
J Hypertens. 2007 Oct; 25(10):2027-34.JH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the association between anthropometric measurements of total and central adiposity and blood pressure in school-aged children, and to study whether these associations are modified by the levels of cardiorespiratory fitness.

METHODS

Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, weight, height, skinfold thickness and waist circumference were measured in 873 children aged 9-10 years participating in the Estonian and Swedish part of the European Youth Heart Study. Mean arterial pressure was calculated. Body mass index and skinfold thickness were used as markers of total adiposity, whereas waist circumference and waist-height ratio were used as markers of central adiposity. Cardiorespiratory fitness was estimated by a maximal ergometer bike test, and dichotomized into low and high levels.

RESULTS

Markers of total and central adiposity were positively associated with blood pressure. The results from the regression models showed that the markers of total and central adiposity were significantly associated with systolic blood pressure in girls with low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. Similar results were observed when mean arterial pressure was the outcome variable. None of the markers of total and central adiposity were significantly associated with blood pressure in girls with high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness or in boys with low or high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness.

CONCLUSIONS

The results show a positive influence of simple anthropometric measurements of total and central adiposity on blood pressure, and suggest that higher cardiorespiratory fitness may attenuate the association between body fat and blood pressure in school-aged children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition at NOVUM, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden. ruizj@ugr.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17885544

Citation

Ruiz, Jonatan R., et al. "Body Fat Is Associated With Blood Pressure in School-aged Girls With Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness: the European Youth Heart Study." Journal of Hypertension, vol. 25, no. 10, 2007, pp. 2027-34.
Ruiz JR, Ortega FB, Loit HM, et al. Body fat is associated with blood pressure in school-aged girls with low cardiorespiratory fitness: the European Youth Heart Study. J Hypertens. 2007;25(10):2027-34.
Ruiz, J. R., Ortega, F. B., Loit, H. M., Veidebaum, T., & Sjöström, M. (2007). Body fat is associated with blood pressure in school-aged girls with low cardiorespiratory fitness: the European Youth Heart Study. Journal of Hypertension, 25(10), 2027-34.
Ruiz JR, et al. Body Fat Is Associated With Blood Pressure in School-aged Girls With Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness: the European Youth Heart Study. J Hypertens. 2007;25(10):2027-34. PubMed PMID: 17885544.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Body fat is associated with blood pressure in school-aged girls with low cardiorespiratory fitness: the European Youth Heart Study. AU - Ruiz,Jonatan R, AU - Ortega,Francisco B, AU - Loit,Helle M, AU - Veidebaum,Toomas, AU - Sjöström,Michael, PY - 2007/9/22/pubmed PY - 2008/1/3/medline PY - 2007/9/22/entrez SP - 2027 EP - 34 JF - Journal of hypertension JO - J. Hypertens. VL - 25 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between anthropometric measurements of total and central adiposity and blood pressure in school-aged children, and to study whether these associations are modified by the levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. METHODS: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, weight, height, skinfold thickness and waist circumference were measured in 873 children aged 9-10 years participating in the Estonian and Swedish part of the European Youth Heart Study. Mean arterial pressure was calculated. Body mass index and skinfold thickness were used as markers of total adiposity, whereas waist circumference and waist-height ratio were used as markers of central adiposity. Cardiorespiratory fitness was estimated by a maximal ergometer bike test, and dichotomized into low and high levels. RESULTS: Markers of total and central adiposity were positively associated with blood pressure. The results from the regression models showed that the markers of total and central adiposity were significantly associated with systolic blood pressure in girls with low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. Similar results were observed when mean arterial pressure was the outcome variable. None of the markers of total and central adiposity were significantly associated with blood pressure in girls with high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness or in boys with low or high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. CONCLUSIONS: The results show a positive influence of simple anthropometric measurements of total and central adiposity on blood pressure, and suggest that higher cardiorespiratory fitness may attenuate the association between body fat and blood pressure in school-aged children. SN - 0263-6352 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17885544/Body_fat_is_associated_with_blood_pressure_in_school_aged_girls_with_low_cardiorespiratory_fitness:_the_European_Youth_Heart_Study_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e328277597f DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -