Relationship of plasma adiponectin with sex hormone and insulin-like growth factor levels.Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007 Sep; 15(9):2217-24.O
Recent studies have suggested that a relationship between adiponectin and sex hormone, prolactin, and insulin-like growth factor levels could be important for breast cancer risk and insulin sensitivity. Therefore, we assessed the relationship of adiponectin with plasma concentrations of estrone; estradiol; estrone sulfate; testosterone; androstenedione; dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA); dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS); sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG); prolactin; insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1); its binding protein, IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3); c-peptide; and IGF binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1) among 360 postmenopausal women not taking postmenopausal hormones from the Nurses' Health Study.
RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES
Multivariate models were adjusted for physical activity, alcohol consumption, age at blood draw, age at first birth/parity, fasting status, and time of day of blood draw; a separate model was additionally adjusted for BMI at blood draw.
Estrogens were inversely associated with adiponectin levels; however, except for free estradiol, these associations were substantially attenuated after adjustment for BMI. Free estradiol levels were 27% lower among women in the top vs. bottom quartile of adiponectin levels. No consistent associations were observed for the androgens, prolactin, IGF-1, and IGFBP-3. However, SHBG, c-peptide, and IGFBP-1 were strongly and independently associated with adiponectin levels (r = 0.29, -0.30, 0.24, respectively).
With the exceptions of SHBG, c-peptide, and IGFBP-1, the studied analytes were modestly associated with adiponectin and the associations were, in large part, mediated by body fat.