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Three major dietary patterns are all independently related to the risk of obesity among 3760 Japanese women aged 18-20 years.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Mar; 32(3):541-9.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine associations between dietary patterns and obesity.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SUBJECTS

A total of 3760 Japanese female dietetic course students aged 18-20 years from 53 institutions in Japan.

MEASUREMENTS

Diet was assessed over a 1-month period with a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire with 148 food items, from which 30 food groups were created and entered into a factor analysis. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from self-reported body height and weight.

RESULTS

Mean BMI (+/-s.d.) was 20.9+/-2.8 kg m(-2). Four dietary patterns were identified. After adjustment for several confounding factors and total energy intake, the 'Healthy' pattern, characterized by high intakes of vegetables, mushrooms, seaweeds, potatoes, fish and shellfish, soy products, processed fish, fruit and salted vegetables, was significantly associated with a lower risk of BMI> or =25 (odds ratio of the highest quintile vs lowest, 0.57; 95% confidence interval: 0.37-0.87; P for trend <0.05). In contrast, the 'Japanese traditional' pattern, characterized by high intakes of rice, miso soup and soy products, and the 'Western' pattern, characterized by high intakes of meats, fats and oils, seasonings, processed meats and eggs, were both significantly associated with an increased risk of BMI> or =25 (OR: 1.77; 95% CI: 1.17-2.67; P for trend <0.01 and OR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.01-2.40; P for trend=0.04, respectively).

CONCLUSION

Three major dietary patterns, Healthy, Japanese traditional and Western, were all independently and significantly related to the risk of obesity even among a relatively lean young Japanese female population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition Sciences, Kagawa Nutrition University, Saitama, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17895884

Citation

Okubo, H, et al. "Three Major Dietary Patterns Are All Independently Related to the Risk of Obesity Among 3760 Japanese Women Aged 18-20 Years." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 32, no. 3, 2008, pp. 541-9.
Okubo H, Sasaki S, Murakami K, et al. Three major dietary patterns are all independently related to the risk of obesity among 3760 Japanese women aged 18-20 years. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008;32(3):541-9.
Okubo, H., Sasaki, S., Murakami, K., Kim, M. K., Takahashi, Y., Hosoi, Y., & Itabashi, M. (2008). Three major dietary patterns are all independently related to the risk of obesity among 3760 Japanese women aged 18-20 years. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 32(3), 541-9.
Okubo H, et al. Three Major Dietary Patterns Are All Independently Related to the Risk of Obesity Among 3760 Japanese Women Aged 18-20 Years. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008;32(3):541-9. PubMed PMID: 17895884.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Three major dietary patterns are all independently related to the risk of obesity among 3760 Japanese women aged 18-20 years. AU - Okubo,H, AU - Sasaki,S, AU - Murakami,K, AU - Kim,M K, AU - Takahashi,Y, AU - Hosoi,Y, AU - Itabashi,M, AU - ,, Y1 - 2007/09/25/ PY - 2007/9/27/pubmed PY - 2008/9/10/medline PY - 2007/9/27/entrez SP - 541 EP - 9 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 32 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between dietary patterns and obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 3760 Japanese female dietetic course students aged 18-20 years from 53 institutions in Japan. MEASUREMENTS: Diet was assessed over a 1-month period with a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire with 148 food items, from which 30 food groups were created and entered into a factor analysis. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from self-reported body height and weight. RESULTS: Mean BMI (+/-s.d.) was 20.9+/-2.8 kg m(-2). Four dietary patterns were identified. After adjustment for several confounding factors and total energy intake, the 'Healthy' pattern, characterized by high intakes of vegetables, mushrooms, seaweeds, potatoes, fish and shellfish, soy products, processed fish, fruit and salted vegetables, was significantly associated with a lower risk of BMI> or =25 (odds ratio of the highest quintile vs lowest, 0.57; 95% confidence interval: 0.37-0.87; P for trend <0.05). In contrast, the 'Japanese traditional' pattern, characterized by high intakes of rice, miso soup and soy products, and the 'Western' pattern, characterized by high intakes of meats, fats and oils, seasonings, processed meats and eggs, were both significantly associated with an increased risk of BMI> or =25 (OR: 1.77; 95% CI: 1.17-2.67; P for trend <0.01 and OR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.01-2.40; P for trend=0.04, respectively). CONCLUSION: Three major dietary patterns, Healthy, Japanese traditional and Western, were all independently and significantly related to the risk of obesity even among a relatively lean young Japanese female population. SN - 1476-5497 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17895884/Three_major_dietary_patterns_are_all_independently_related_to_the_risk_of_obesity_among_3760_Japanese_women_aged_18_20_years_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803737 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -