Membrane localization of protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B is essential for its activation of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 gene expression.Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2007; 363(3):626-32BB
Sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) is a key transcription factor in stimulating lipogenesis in the liver. Protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) induces SREBP-1 gene expression via protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activation. PTP1B is reported to be anchored on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) via its C-terminal tail, and change in intracellular localization of PTP1B by C-terminal-truncation did not alter its inhibitory effects on insulin signaling. In this study, we investigated whether the change in intracellular localization of PTP1B could influence SREBP-1 gene expression. Overexpression of C-terminal truncated PTP1B (PTP1BdeltaCT) in rat Fao cells did not induce SREBP-1 gene expression. Furthermore, PTP1BdeltaCT failed to bind PP2A, resulting in impaired PP2A activation, whereas overexpression of wild-type PTP1B (PTP1BWT) associated with PP2A. Moreover, a membrane-targeted PTP1BDeltaCT activated PP2A with restored PP2A binding, despite the absence of its C-terminal region. Finally, overexpression of PTP1BdeltaCT into mouse primary cultured hepatocytes failed to enhance SREBP-1c mRNA, whereas membrane-targeted PTP1BdeltaCT led to enhanced SREBP-1c mRNA in hepatocytes as well as PTP1BWT. In conclusion, membrane localization of PTP1B is essential for PP2A activation, which is crucial for its enhancement of SREBP-1 gene expression.