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[Immunogenicity of vaccines against viral hepatitis A and B in the population above 40 years of age -- impact of risk factors].
Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol. 2007 Aug; 56(3):119-28.EM

Abstract

The immune reaction following vaccination against viral hepatitis A (HAV) and viral hepatitis B (HBV) can be influenced by a variety of factors. Among the most important are age, gender and body weight.

STUDY OBJECTIVE

This prospective randomized study compared immunogenicity of available vaccines against HAV and HBV infections in the population above 40 years of age and the impact of risk factors.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The vaccinated subjects were divided into 3 groups based on the vaccine used. Within each group, the subjects were equally distributed by age, gender and body weight. The vaccine was always applied intramuscularly in the deltoid. Group 1 was given the combined vaccine Twinrix (GSK) against HAV and HBV infections in the left deltoid; group 2 was vaccinated with the Havrix vaccine against HAV (GSK) in the right deltoid and with the Engerix-B vaccine against HBV (GSK) in the left deltoid; group 3 received the Vaqta vaccine against HAV (Sanofi Pasteur) in the right deltoid and the HB VAX PRO against HBV (Sanofi-Pasteur) in the left deltoid.

RESULTS

The following anti-HBs seroprotectivity rates: 92%, 80% and 71%, and anti-HAV seropositivity rates: 97%, 99% and 99%, were observed at 1 month after the end of the complete vaccination in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The anti-HBs seroprotectivity rate was statistically significantly higher in group 1. The anti-HAV seropositivity rates were comparable (did not significantly differ) in all three study groups.

CONCLUSION

The impact of age was revealed: the immune response decreases with increasing age. The lowest immunogenicity of the vaccines against HAV and HBV infections was observed in subjects above 60 years of age. Males achieved lower geometric mean titres (GMT) of antibodies and lower seroprotectivity rates compared to females. The impact of body weight was also observed, with the obese subjects showing the lowest immune response. The anti-HBs reactivity was significantly influenced by the vaccine used. The combined vaccine against HAV and HBV infections (Twinrix) induced higher anti-HBs seroprotectivity and comparable anti-HAV seropositivity when compared with the other monovalent study vaccines in the population above 40 years of age.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Katedra epidemiologie, Fakulta vojenského zdravotnictví UO, Hradec Králové. chlibek@pmfhk.czNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

cze

PubMed ID

17900060

Citation

Chlíbek, R, et al. "[Immunogenicity of Vaccines Against Viral Hepatitis a and B in the Population Above 40 Years of Age -- Impact of Risk Factors]." Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie : Casopis Spolecnosti Pro Epidemiologii a Mikrobiologii Ceske Lekarske Spolecnosti J.E. Purkyne, vol. 56, no. 3, 2007, pp. 119-28.
Chlíbek R, Smetana J, Sindelár R, et al. [Immunogenicity of vaccines against viral hepatitis A and B in the population above 40 years of age -- impact of risk factors]. Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol. 2007;56(3):119-28.
Chlíbek, R., Smetana, J., Sindelár, R., Cecetková, B., Prymula, R., & Kohl, I. (2007). [Immunogenicity of vaccines against viral hepatitis A and B in the population above 40 years of age -- impact of risk factors]. Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie : Casopis Spolecnosti Pro Epidemiologii a Mikrobiologii Ceske Lekarske Spolecnosti J.E. Purkyne, 56(3), 119-28.
Chlíbek R, et al. [Immunogenicity of Vaccines Against Viral Hepatitis a and B in the Population Above 40 Years of Age -- Impact of Risk Factors]. Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol. 2007;56(3):119-28. PubMed PMID: 17900060.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Immunogenicity of vaccines against viral hepatitis A and B in the population above 40 years of age -- impact of risk factors]. AU - Chlíbek,R, AU - Smetana,J, AU - Sindelár,R, AU - Cecetková,B, AU - Prymula,R, AU - Kohl,I, PY - 2007/9/29/pubmed PY - 2007/11/6/medline PY - 2007/9/29/entrez SP - 119 EP - 28 JF - Epidemiologie, mikrobiologie, imunologie : casopis Spolecnosti pro epidemiologii a mikrobiologii Ceske lekarske spolecnosti J.E. Purkyne JO - Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol VL - 56 IS - 3 N2 - UNLABELLED: The immune reaction following vaccination against viral hepatitis A (HAV) and viral hepatitis B (HBV) can be influenced by a variety of factors. Among the most important are age, gender and body weight. STUDY OBJECTIVE: This prospective randomized study compared immunogenicity of available vaccines against HAV and HBV infections in the population above 40 years of age and the impact of risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The vaccinated subjects were divided into 3 groups based on the vaccine used. Within each group, the subjects were equally distributed by age, gender and body weight. The vaccine was always applied intramuscularly in the deltoid. Group 1 was given the combined vaccine Twinrix (GSK) against HAV and HBV infections in the left deltoid; group 2 was vaccinated with the Havrix vaccine against HAV (GSK) in the right deltoid and with the Engerix-B vaccine against HBV (GSK) in the left deltoid; group 3 received the Vaqta vaccine against HAV (Sanofi Pasteur) in the right deltoid and the HB VAX PRO against HBV (Sanofi-Pasteur) in the left deltoid. RESULTS: The following anti-HBs seroprotectivity rates: 92%, 80% and 71%, and anti-HAV seropositivity rates: 97%, 99% and 99%, were observed at 1 month after the end of the complete vaccination in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The anti-HBs seroprotectivity rate was statistically significantly higher in group 1. The anti-HAV seropositivity rates were comparable (did not significantly differ) in all three study groups. CONCLUSION: The impact of age was revealed: the immune response decreases with increasing age. The lowest immunogenicity of the vaccines against HAV and HBV infections was observed in subjects above 60 years of age. Males achieved lower geometric mean titres (GMT) of antibodies and lower seroprotectivity rates compared to females. The impact of body weight was also observed, with the obese subjects showing the lowest immune response. The anti-HBs reactivity was significantly influenced by the vaccine used. The combined vaccine against HAV and HBV infections (Twinrix) induced higher anti-HBs seroprotectivity and comparable anti-HAV seropositivity when compared with the other monovalent study vaccines in the population above 40 years of age. SN - 1210-7913 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17900060/[Immunogenicity_of_vaccines_against_viral_hepatitis_A_and_B_in_the_population_above_40_years_of_age____impact_of_risk_factors]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/3332 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -