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Predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents in rural Zambia: results from a cross sectional study from Chongwe [corrected] district.
Rural Remote Health. 2007 Jul-Sep; 7(3):728.RR

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. There are limited data on the prevalence of and factors associated with smoking among in-school adolescents in developing countries.

OBJECTIVES

To estimate prevalence of those who have smoked cigarettes and to identify associated socio-demographic factors among adolescents in Chongwe district, Chongwe [corrected] Province, Zambia.

METHODS

Data used was from the Zambia Global Youth Tobacco Survey, which was conducted using standardized methodology among in-school adolescents in 2002. Data were analyzed to assess if selected socio-demographic variables were associated with having smoked cigarettes. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess the associations.

RESULTS

A history of having smoked cigarettes ranged from 20.5% among 15 year olds to 37.2% among males younger than 12 years old. In females, 20.7% of 13 year olds and 37.7% of those less than 12 years old had smoked. Parental smoking, friends smoking, a lack of perception that smoking was harmful, and exposure to pro-tobacco advertisements were associated with having smoked cigarettes. Adolescents who had smoked cigarettes were more likely to allow others smoke in their presence.

CONCLUSIONS

Many adolescents in rural Chongwe[corrected], Zambia had tried cigarette smoking. The identification of predictors for smoking should guide the design and implementation of programs aimed to prevent initiation and maintenance of tobacco use among adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Zambia, Department of Community Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia. ssiziya@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17900223

Citation

Siziya, S, et al. "Predictors of Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents in Rural Zambia: Results From a Cross Sectional Study From Chongwe [corrected] District." Rural and Remote Health, vol. 7, no. 3, 2007, p. 728.
Siziya S, Rudatsikira E, Muula AS, et al. Predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents in rural Zambia: results from a cross sectional study from Chongwe [corrected] district. Rural Remote Health. 2007;7(3):728.
Siziya, S., Rudatsikira, E., Muula, A. S., & Ntata, P. R. (2007). Predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents in rural Zambia: results from a cross sectional study from Chongwe [corrected] district. Rural and Remote Health, 7(3), 728.
Siziya S, et al. Predictors of Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents in Rural Zambia: Results From a Cross Sectional Study From Chongwe [corrected] District. Rural Remote Health. 2007 Jul-Sep;7(3):728. PubMed PMID: 17900223.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents in rural Zambia: results from a cross sectional study from Chongwe [corrected] district. AU - Siziya,S, AU - Rudatsikira,E, AU - Muula,A S, AU - Ntata,P R T, Y1 - 2007/09/27/ PY - 2007/9/29/pubmed PY - 2007/11/9/medline PY - 2007/9/29/entrez SP - 728 EP - 728 JF - Rural and remote health JO - Rural Remote Health VL - 7 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. There are limited data on the prevalence of and factors associated with smoking among in-school adolescents in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence of those who have smoked cigarettes and to identify associated socio-demographic factors among adolescents in Chongwe district, Chongwe [corrected] Province, Zambia. METHODS: Data used was from the Zambia Global Youth Tobacco Survey, which was conducted using standardized methodology among in-school adolescents in 2002. Data were analyzed to assess if selected socio-demographic variables were associated with having smoked cigarettes. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess the associations. RESULTS: A history of having smoked cigarettes ranged from 20.5% among 15 year olds to 37.2% among males younger than 12 years old. In females, 20.7% of 13 year olds and 37.7% of those less than 12 years old had smoked. Parental smoking, friends smoking, a lack of perception that smoking was harmful, and exposure to pro-tobacco advertisements were associated with having smoked cigarettes. Adolescents who had smoked cigarettes were more likely to allow others smoke in their presence. CONCLUSIONS: Many adolescents in rural Chongwe[corrected], Zambia had tried cigarette smoking. The identification of predictors for smoking should guide the design and implementation of programs aimed to prevent initiation and maintenance of tobacco use among adolescents. SN - 1445-6354 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17900223/Predictors_of_cigarette_smoking_among_adolescents_in_rural_Zambia:_results_from_a_cross_sectional_study_from_Chongwe_[corrected]_district_ L2 - https://www.rrh.org.au/articles/subviewnew.asp?ArticleID=728 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -