Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The effect of a multispecies probiotic on the intestinal microbiota and bowel movements in healthy volunteers taking the antibiotic amoxycillin.
Am J Gastroenterol 2008; 103(1):178-89AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

One of the side effects of antimicrobial therapy is a disturbance of the intestinal microbiota potentially resulting in antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). In this placebo-controlled double-blind study, the effect of a multispecies probiotic on the composition and metabolic activity of the intestinal microbiota and bowel habits was studied in healthy volunteers taking amoxycillin.

METHODS

Forty-one healthy volunteers were given 500 mg amoxycillin twice daily for 7 days and were randomized to either 5 g of a multispecies probiotic, Ecologic AAD (10(9) cfu/g), or placebo, twice daily for 14 days. Feces and questionnaires were collected on day 0, 7, 14, and 63. Feces was analyzed as to the composition of the intestinal microbiota, and beta-glucosidase activity, endotoxin concentration, Clostridium difficile toxin A, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and pH were determined. Bowel movements were scored according to the Bristol stool form scale.

RESULTS

Mean number of enterococci increased significantly from log 4.1 at day 0 to log 5.8 (day 7) and log 6.9 (day 14) cfu/g feces (P < 0.05) during probiotic intake. Although no other significant differences were observed between both intervention groups, within each group significant changes were found over time in both microbial composition and metabolic activity. Moreover, bowel movements with a frequency >or=3 per day for at least 2 days and/or a consistency >or=5 for at least 2 days were reported less frequently in the probiotic compared to the placebo group (48%vs 79%, P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Apart from an increase in enterococci no significant differences in microbial composition and metabolic activity were observed in the probiotic compared with the placebo group. However, changes over time were present in both groups, which differed significantly between the probiotic and the placebo arm, suggesting that the amoxycillin effect was modulated by probiotic intake. Moreover, the intake of a multispecies probiotic significantly reduced diarrhea-like bowel movements in healthy volunteers receiving amoxycillin.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Gastroenterology-Hepatology, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17900321

Citation

Koning, Catherina J M., et al. "The Effect of a Multispecies Probiotic On the Intestinal Microbiota and Bowel Movements in Healthy Volunteers Taking the Antibiotic Amoxycillin." The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 103, no. 1, 2008, pp. 178-89.
Koning CJ, Jonkers DM, Stobberingh EE, et al. The effect of a multispecies probiotic on the intestinal microbiota and bowel movements in healthy volunteers taking the antibiotic amoxycillin. Am J Gastroenterol. 2008;103(1):178-89.
Koning, C. J., Jonkers, D. M., Stobberingh, E. E., Mulder, L., Rombouts, F. M., & Stockbrügger, R. W. (2008). The effect of a multispecies probiotic on the intestinal microbiota and bowel movements in healthy volunteers taking the antibiotic amoxycillin. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 103(1), pp. 178-89.
Koning CJ, et al. The Effect of a Multispecies Probiotic On the Intestinal Microbiota and Bowel Movements in Healthy Volunteers Taking the Antibiotic Amoxycillin. Am J Gastroenterol. 2008;103(1):178-89. PubMed PMID: 17900321.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of a multispecies probiotic on the intestinal microbiota and bowel movements in healthy volunteers taking the antibiotic amoxycillin. AU - Koning,Catherina J M, AU - Jonkers,Daisy M A E, AU - Stobberingh,Ellen E, AU - Mulder,Linda, AU - Rombouts,Frans M, AU - Stockbrügger,Reinhold W, Y1 - 2007/09/25/ PY - 2007/9/29/pubmed PY - 2008/3/14/medline PY - 2007/9/29/entrez SP - 178 EP - 89 JF - The American journal of gastroenterology JO - Am. J. Gastroenterol. VL - 103 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: One of the side effects of antimicrobial therapy is a disturbance of the intestinal microbiota potentially resulting in antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). In this placebo-controlled double-blind study, the effect of a multispecies probiotic on the composition and metabolic activity of the intestinal microbiota and bowel habits was studied in healthy volunteers taking amoxycillin. METHODS: Forty-one healthy volunteers were given 500 mg amoxycillin twice daily for 7 days and were randomized to either 5 g of a multispecies probiotic, Ecologic AAD (10(9) cfu/g), or placebo, twice daily for 14 days. Feces and questionnaires were collected on day 0, 7, 14, and 63. Feces was analyzed as to the composition of the intestinal microbiota, and beta-glucosidase activity, endotoxin concentration, Clostridium difficile toxin A, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and pH were determined. Bowel movements were scored according to the Bristol stool form scale. RESULTS: Mean number of enterococci increased significantly from log 4.1 at day 0 to log 5.8 (day 7) and log 6.9 (day 14) cfu/g feces (P < 0.05) during probiotic intake. Although no other significant differences were observed between both intervention groups, within each group significant changes were found over time in both microbial composition and metabolic activity. Moreover, bowel movements with a frequency >or=3 per day for at least 2 days and/or a consistency >or=5 for at least 2 days were reported less frequently in the probiotic compared to the placebo group (48%vs 79%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Apart from an increase in enterococci no significant differences in microbial composition and metabolic activity were observed in the probiotic compared with the placebo group. However, changes over time were present in both groups, which differed significantly between the probiotic and the placebo arm, suggesting that the amoxycillin effect was modulated by probiotic intake. Moreover, the intake of a multispecies probiotic significantly reduced diarrhea-like bowel movements in healthy volunteers receiving amoxycillin. SN - 0002-9270 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17900321/The_effect_of_a_multispecies_probiotic_on_the_intestinal_microbiota_and_bowel_movements_in_healthy_volunteers_taking_the_antibiotic_amoxycillin_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=17900321 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -