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Very low birth weight increases risk for sleep-disordered breathing in young adulthood: the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults.
Pediatrics. 2007 Oct; 120(4):778-84.Ped

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We investigated whether very low birth weight (<1500 g) is associated with the risk of sleep-disordered breathing in young adulthood.

METHODS

The study was a retrospective longitudinal study of 158 young adults born with very low birth weight and 169 term-born control subjects (aged 18.5-27.1 years). The principal outcome variable was sleep-disordered breathing defined as chronic snoring.

RESULTS

The crude prevalence of chronic snoring was similar in both groups: 15.8% for the very low birth weight group versus 13.6% for the control group. However, after controlling for the confounding variables in multivariate logistic regression models (age, gender, current smoking, parental education, height, BMI, and depression), chronic snoring was 2.2 times more likely in the very low birth weight group compared with the control group. In addition, maternal smoking during pregnancy was significantly and independently of very low birth weight related to risk of sleep-disordered breathing. Maternal preeclampsia, standardized birth weight, and, for very low birth weight infants, small-for-gestational-age status were not related to sleep-disordered breathing.

CONCLUSIONS

Premature infants with very low birth weight have a twofold risk of sleep-disordered breathing as young adults. In addition, maternal smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of sleep-disordered breathing by more than twofold.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, PO Box 9, 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. juulia.paavonen@helsinki.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17908765

Citation

Paavonen, E Juulia, et al. "Very Low Birth Weight Increases Risk for Sleep-disordered Breathing in Young Adulthood: the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults." Pediatrics, vol. 120, no. 4, 2007, pp. 778-84.
Paavonen EJ, Strang-Karlsson S, Räikkönen K, et al. Very low birth weight increases risk for sleep-disordered breathing in young adulthood: the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults. Pediatrics. 2007;120(4):778-84.
Paavonen, E. J., Strang-Karlsson, S., Räikkönen, K., Heinonen, K., Pesonen, A. K., Hovi, P., Andersson, S., Järvenpää, A. L., Eriksson, J. G., & Kajantie, E. (2007). Very low birth weight increases risk for sleep-disordered breathing in young adulthood: the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults. Pediatrics, 120(4), 778-84.
Paavonen EJ, et al. Very Low Birth Weight Increases Risk for Sleep-disordered Breathing in Young Adulthood: the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults. Pediatrics. 2007;120(4):778-84. PubMed PMID: 17908765.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Very low birth weight increases risk for sleep-disordered breathing in young adulthood: the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults. AU - Paavonen,E Juulia, AU - Strang-Karlsson,Sonja, AU - Räikkönen,Katri, AU - Heinonen,Kati, AU - Pesonen,Anu-Katriina, AU - Hovi,Petteri, AU - Andersson,Sture, AU - Järvenpää,Anna-Liisa, AU - Eriksson,Johan G, AU - Kajantie,Eero, PY - 2007/10/3/pubmed PY - 2007/10/30/medline PY - 2007/10/3/entrez SP - 778 EP - 84 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 120 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether very low birth weight (<1500 g) is associated with the risk of sleep-disordered breathing in young adulthood. METHODS: The study was a retrospective longitudinal study of 158 young adults born with very low birth weight and 169 term-born control subjects (aged 18.5-27.1 years). The principal outcome variable was sleep-disordered breathing defined as chronic snoring. RESULTS: The crude prevalence of chronic snoring was similar in both groups: 15.8% for the very low birth weight group versus 13.6% for the control group. However, after controlling for the confounding variables in multivariate logistic regression models (age, gender, current smoking, parental education, height, BMI, and depression), chronic snoring was 2.2 times more likely in the very low birth weight group compared with the control group. In addition, maternal smoking during pregnancy was significantly and independently of very low birth weight related to risk of sleep-disordered breathing. Maternal preeclampsia, standardized birth weight, and, for very low birth weight infants, small-for-gestational-age status were not related to sleep-disordered breathing. CONCLUSIONS: Premature infants with very low birth weight have a twofold risk of sleep-disordered breathing as young adults. In addition, maternal smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of sleep-disordered breathing by more than twofold. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17908765/Very_low_birth_weight_increases_risk_for_sleep_disordered_breathing_in_young_adulthood:_the_Helsinki_Study_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_Adults_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=17908765 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -