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Calcium and vitamin D.
Novartis Found Symp 2007; 282:123-38; discussion 138-42, 212-8NF

Abstract

Calcium is required for normal growth and development as well as maintenance of the skeleton. Vitamin D is also essential for intestinal calcium absorption and plays a central role in maintaining calcium homeostasis and skeletal integrity. In addition, both micronutrients have important roles in non-skeletal-related physiological processes. Of concern, significant proportions of some population groups fail to achieve the recommended calcium intakes in a number of western countries. Furthermore, while cutaneous biosynthesis upon exposure of skin to ultraviolet B light is the major source of vitamin D for most people, this does not occur during winter time. Thus, there is an increased reliance on dietary sources during winter months to help maintain adequate vitamin D status. Since vitamin D is found naturally only in a limited number of foods, the usual dietary vitamin D intake by many European populations is not sufficient to maintain adequate vitamin D status. This paper will briefly review these important issues together with consideration of the potential role for supplementation with calcium and vitamin D in terms of improving their intakes in the population. It will also focus on the issues of efficacy as well as safety considerations of supplements.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17913228

Citation

Cashman, Kevin D.. "Calcium and Vitamin D." Novartis Foundation Symposium, vol. 282, 2007, pp. 123-38; discussion 138-42, 212-8.
Cashman KD. Calcium and vitamin D. Novartis Found Symp. 2007;282:123-38; discussion 138-42, 212-8.
Cashman, K. D. (2007). Calcium and vitamin D. Novartis Foundation Symposium, 282, pp. 123-38; discussion 138-42, 212-8.
Cashman KD. Calcium and Vitamin D. Novartis Found Symp. 2007;282:123-38; discussion 138-42, 212-8. PubMed PMID: 17913228.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Calcium and vitamin D. A1 - Cashman,Kevin D, PY - 2007/10/5/pubmed PY - 2007/10/24/medline PY - 2007/10/5/entrez SP - 123-38; discussion 138-42, 212-8 JF - Novartis Foundation symposium JO - Novartis Found. Symp. VL - 282 N2 - Calcium is required for normal growth and development as well as maintenance of the skeleton. Vitamin D is also essential for intestinal calcium absorption and plays a central role in maintaining calcium homeostasis and skeletal integrity. In addition, both micronutrients have important roles in non-skeletal-related physiological processes. Of concern, significant proportions of some population groups fail to achieve the recommended calcium intakes in a number of western countries. Furthermore, while cutaneous biosynthesis upon exposure of skin to ultraviolet B light is the major source of vitamin D for most people, this does not occur during winter time. Thus, there is an increased reliance on dietary sources during winter months to help maintain adequate vitamin D status. Since vitamin D is found naturally only in a limited number of foods, the usual dietary vitamin D intake by many European populations is not sufficient to maintain adequate vitamin D status. This paper will briefly review these important issues together with consideration of the potential role for supplementation with calcium and vitamin D in terms of improving their intakes in the population. It will also focus on the issues of efficacy as well as safety considerations of supplements. SN - 1528-2511 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17913228/Calcium_and_vitamin_D_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/vitamind.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -