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Protecting neurons from HIV-1 gp120-induced oxidant stress using both localized intracerebral and generalized intraventricular administration of antioxidant enzymes delivered by SV40-derived vectors.
Gene Ther. 2007 Dec; 14(23):1650-61.GT

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) is the most frequent cause of dementia in adults under 40. We sought to use gene delivery to protect from HIV-1-related neuron loss. Because HIV-1 envelope (Env) gp120 elicits oxidant stress and apoptosis in cultured neurons, we established reproducible parameters of Env-mediated neurotoxicity in vivo, then tested neuroprotection using gene delivery of antioxidant enzymes. We injected 100-500 ng mul(-1)gp120 stereotaxically into rat caudate-putamens (CP) and assayed brains for apoptosis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated biotinylated UTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) 6-h to 14-day post-injection. Peak apoptosis occurred 1 day after injection of 250 and 500 ng microl(-1)gp120. TUNEL-positive cells mostly expressed neuronal markers (NeuroTrace), although some expressed CD68 and so were most likely microglial cells. Finally, we compared neuroprotection from gp120-induced apoptosis provided by localized and generalized intra-central nervous system (CNS) gene delivery. Recombinant SV40 vectors carrying Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) or glutathione peroxidase (GPx1) were injected into the CP, where gp120 was administered 4-24 weeks later. Alternatively, we inoculated the vector into the lateral ventricle (LV), with or without prior intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of mannitol. Intracerebral injection of SV(SOD1) or SV(GPx1) significantly protected neurons from gp120-induced apoptosis throughout the 24-week study. Intraventricular vector administration protected from gp120 neurotoxicity comparably, particularly if preceded by mannitol i.p. Thus, HIV-1 gp120 is neurotoxic in vivo, and intracerebral or intra-ventricular administration of rSV40 vectors carrying antioxidant enzymes is neuroprotective. These findings suggest the potential utility of both localized and widespread gene delivery in treating neuroAIDS and other CNS diseases characterized by excessive oxidative stress.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. jplouboutin@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17914406

Citation

Louboutin, J-P, et al. "Protecting Neurons From HIV-1 Gp120-induced Oxidant Stress Using Both Localized Intracerebral and Generalized Intraventricular Administration of Antioxidant Enzymes Delivered By SV40-derived Vectors." Gene Therapy, vol. 14, no. 23, 2007, pp. 1650-61.
Louboutin JP, Agrawal L, Reyes BA, et al. Protecting neurons from HIV-1 gp120-induced oxidant stress using both localized intracerebral and generalized intraventricular administration of antioxidant enzymes delivered by SV40-derived vectors. Gene Ther. 2007;14(23):1650-61.
Louboutin, J. P., Agrawal, L., Reyes, B. A., Van Bockstaele, E. J., & Strayer, D. S. (2007). Protecting neurons from HIV-1 gp120-induced oxidant stress using both localized intracerebral and generalized intraventricular administration of antioxidant enzymes delivered by SV40-derived vectors. Gene Therapy, 14(23), 1650-61.
Louboutin JP, et al. Protecting Neurons From HIV-1 Gp120-induced Oxidant Stress Using Both Localized Intracerebral and Generalized Intraventricular Administration of Antioxidant Enzymes Delivered By SV40-derived Vectors. Gene Ther. 2007;14(23):1650-61. PubMed PMID: 17914406.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Protecting neurons from HIV-1 gp120-induced oxidant stress using both localized intracerebral and generalized intraventricular administration of antioxidant enzymes delivered by SV40-derived vectors. AU - Louboutin,J-P, AU - Agrawal,L, AU - Reyes,B A S, AU - Van Bockstaele,E J, AU - Strayer,D S, Y1 - 2007/10/04/ PY - 2007/10/5/pubmed PY - 2008/3/20/medline PY - 2007/10/5/entrez SP - 1650 EP - 61 JF - Gene therapy JO - Gene Ther VL - 14 IS - 23 N2 - Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) is the most frequent cause of dementia in adults under 40. We sought to use gene delivery to protect from HIV-1-related neuron loss. Because HIV-1 envelope (Env) gp120 elicits oxidant stress and apoptosis in cultured neurons, we established reproducible parameters of Env-mediated neurotoxicity in vivo, then tested neuroprotection using gene delivery of antioxidant enzymes. We injected 100-500 ng mul(-1)gp120 stereotaxically into rat caudate-putamens (CP) and assayed brains for apoptosis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated biotinylated UTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) 6-h to 14-day post-injection. Peak apoptosis occurred 1 day after injection of 250 and 500 ng microl(-1)gp120. TUNEL-positive cells mostly expressed neuronal markers (NeuroTrace), although some expressed CD68 and so were most likely microglial cells. Finally, we compared neuroprotection from gp120-induced apoptosis provided by localized and generalized intra-central nervous system (CNS) gene delivery. Recombinant SV40 vectors carrying Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) or glutathione peroxidase (GPx1) were injected into the CP, where gp120 was administered 4-24 weeks later. Alternatively, we inoculated the vector into the lateral ventricle (LV), with or without prior intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of mannitol. Intracerebral injection of SV(SOD1) or SV(GPx1) significantly protected neurons from gp120-induced apoptosis throughout the 24-week study. Intraventricular vector administration protected from gp120 neurotoxicity comparably, particularly if preceded by mannitol i.p. Thus, HIV-1 gp120 is neurotoxic in vivo, and intracerebral or intra-ventricular administration of rSV40 vectors carrying antioxidant enzymes is neuroprotective. These findings suggest the potential utility of both localized and widespread gene delivery in treating neuroAIDS and other CNS diseases characterized by excessive oxidative stress. SN - 0969-7128 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17914406/Protecting_neurons_from_HIV_1_gp120_induced_oxidant_stress_using_both_localized_intracerebral_and_generalized_intraventricular_administration_of_antioxidant_enzymes_delivered_by_SV40_derived_vectors_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.gt.3303030 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -