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Early concurrent and longitudinal symptoms of ADHD and ODD: relations to different types of inhibitory control and working memory.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007 Oct; 48(10):1033-41.JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of the present study was to investigate how three different types of inhibitory control - interference control within task, interference control outside task, and prepotent response inhibition - and two types of working memory - verbal and spatial - would relate to early symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), both concurrently and longitudinally.

METHODS

Seventy-two preschoolers, 1/3 who had been identified as being at risk for developing ADHD and/or ODD, completed neuropsychological tasks designed to measure inhibitory control and working memory. Behavioral symptoms were measured through parental and teacher ratings of the DSM-IV criteria for ADHD and ODD.

RESULTS

Our results suggest distinct types of inhibitory control as being good predictors of concurrent and longitudinal symptoms of ADHD, rather than ODD. However, no associations were obtained between working memory and ADHD or ODD symptoms either concurrently or longitudinally.

CONCLUSIONS

This study emphasizes the need to isolate complex executive processes and break them down into components in order to properly understand the neuropsychological roots involved in ADHD and ODD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Karin.Brocki@psyk.uu.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17915004

Citation

Brocki, Karin C., et al. "Early Concurrent and Longitudinal Symptoms of ADHD and ODD: Relations to Different Types of Inhibitory Control and Working Memory." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 48, no. 10, 2007, pp. 1033-41.
Brocki KC, Nyberg L, Thorell LB, et al. Early concurrent and longitudinal symptoms of ADHD and ODD: relations to different types of inhibitory control and working memory. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007;48(10):1033-41.
Brocki, K. C., Nyberg, L., Thorell, L. B., & Bohlin, G. (2007). Early concurrent and longitudinal symptoms of ADHD and ODD: relations to different types of inhibitory control and working memory. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 48(10), 1033-41.
Brocki KC, et al. Early Concurrent and Longitudinal Symptoms of ADHD and ODD: Relations to Different Types of Inhibitory Control and Working Memory. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007;48(10):1033-41. PubMed PMID: 17915004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Early concurrent and longitudinal symptoms of ADHD and ODD: relations to different types of inhibitory control and working memory. AU - Brocki,Karin C, AU - Nyberg,Lilianne, AU - Thorell,Lisa B, AU - Bohlin,Gunilla, PY - 2007/10/5/pubmed PY - 2008/2/7/medline PY - 2007/10/5/entrez SP - 1033 EP - 41 JF - Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines JO - J Child Psychol Psychiatry VL - 48 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate how three different types of inhibitory control - interference control within task, interference control outside task, and prepotent response inhibition - and two types of working memory - verbal and spatial - would relate to early symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), both concurrently and longitudinally. METHODS: Seventy-two preschoolers, 1/3 who had been identified as being at risk for developing ADHD and/or ODD, completed neuropsychological tasks designed to measure inhibitory control and working memory. Behavioral symptoms were measured through parental and teacher ratings of the DSM-IV criteria for ADHD and ODD. RESULTS: Our results suggest distinct types of inhibitory control as being good predictors of concurrent and longitudinal symptoms of ADHD, rather than ODD. However, no associations were obtained between working memory and ADHD or ODD symptoms either concurrently or longitudinally. CONCLUSIONS: This study emphasizes the need to isolate complex executive processes and break them down into components in order to properly understand the neuropsychological roots involved in ADHD and ODD. SN - 0021-9630 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17915004/Early_concurrent_and_longitudinal_symptoms_of_ADHD_and_ODD:_relations_to_different_types_of_inhibitory_control_and_working_memory_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01811.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -