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Awakening cortisol response in relation to psychosocial profiles and eating behaviors.

Abstract

Awakening cortisol response was measured in 78 men and women, on 3 mornings within a 2-month period. Psychosocial and eating behavior variables were assessed using self-administered questionnaires on anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), depression (Beck Depression Inventory), body esteem (Body Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults), and eating behaviors (Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and Eating Disorder Inventory-2). Data on food intake and appetite sensations were also collected using a buffet-type meal test, a 3-day food record and visual analog scales measured before and after a standardized breakfast meal test. In women, high anxiety, disinhibition and hunger scores, as well as poor body esteem and a high weight preoccupation, were negatively correlated to ACR. The factor that appeared to account the most for this inverse relation was emotional susceptibility to disinhibition (r=-0.61, p=0.003). The latter was also negatively associated with the satiety quotient for fullness in response to the standardized breakfast (r=-0.48, p=0.010). In men, ACR was negatively associated with flexible (r=-0.33, p=0.020) and strategic (r=-0.28, p=0.049) restraint behaviors. This study highlights a gender-dependent relationship between ACR, hence the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and eating behaviors and psychological profiles.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Laval Hospital Research Center, Quebec, Canada.

    , , , , ,

    Source

    Physiology & behavior 93:1-2 2008 Jan 28 pg 282-8

    MeSH

    Adult
    Analysis of Variance
    Appetite Regulation
    Circadian Rhythm
    Eating
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Humans
    Hydrocortisone
    Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Pituitary-Adrenal System
    Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
    Reference Values
    Saliva
    Self-Assessment
    Sex Factors
    Stress, Psychological
    Wakefulness

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17915266

    Citation

    Therrien, Fanny, et al. "Awakening Cortisol Response in Relation to Psychosocial Profiles and Eating Behaviors." Physiology & Behavior, vol. 93, no. 1-2, 2008, pp. 282-8.
    Therrien F, Drapeau V, Lupien SJ, et al. Awakening cortisol response in relation to psychosocial profiles and eating behaviors. Physiol Behav. 2008;93(1-2):282-8.
    Therrien, F., Drapeau, V., Lupien, S. J., Beaulieu, S., Doré, J., Tremblay, A., & Richard, D. (2008). Awakening cortisol response in relation to psychosocial profiles and eating behaviors. Physiology & Behavior, 93(1-2), pp. 282-8.
    Therrien F, et al. Awakening Cortisol Response in Relation to Psychosocial Profiles and Eating Behaviors. Physiol Behav. 2008 Jan 28;93(1-2):282-8. PubMed PMID: 17915266.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Awakening cortisol response in relation to psychosocial profiles and eating behaviors. AU - Therrien,Fanny, AU - Drapeau,Vicky, AU - Lupien,Sonia J, AU - Beaulieu,Serge, AU - Doré,Jean, AU - Tremblay,Angelo, AU - Richard,Denis, Y1 - 2007/09/05/ PY - 2006/12/21/received PY - 2007/08/09/revised PY - 2007/08/29/accepted PY - 2007/10/5/pubmed PY - 2008/4/23/medline PY - 2007/10/5/entrez SP - 282 EP - 8 JF - Physiology & behavior JO - Physiol. Behav. VL - 93 IS - 1-2 N2 - Awakening cortisol response was measured in 78 men and women, on 3 mornings within a 2-month period. Psychosocial and eating behavior variables were assessed using self-administered questionnaires on anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), depression (Beck Depression Inventory), body esteem (Body Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults), and eating behaviors (Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and Eating Disorder Inventory-2). Data on food intake and appetite sensations were also collected using a buffet-type meal test, a 3-day food record and visual analog scales measured before and after a standardized breakfast meal test. In women, high anxiety, disinhibition and hunger scores, as well as poor body esteem and a high weight preoccupation, were negatively correlated to ACR. The factor that appeared to account the most for this inverse relation was emotional susceptibility to disinhibition (r=-0.61, p=0.003). The latter was also negatively associated with the satiety quotient for fullness in response to the standardized breakfast (r=-0.48, p=0.010). In men, ACR was negatively associated with flexible (r=-0.33, p=0.020) and strategic (r=-0.28, p=0.049) restraint behaviors. This study highlights a gender-dependent relationship between ACR, hence the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and eating behaviors and psychological profiles. SN - 0031-9384 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17915266/Awakening_cortisol_response_in_relation_to_psychosocial_profiles_and_eating_behaviors_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0031-9384(07)00357-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -