Light chain deposition disease without detectable light chains in serum or urine. Report of a case and review of the literature.Neth J Med. 1991 Oct; 39(3-4):142-7.NJ
A patient presenting with a nephrotic syndrome and chronic renal failure caused by light chain deposition disease (LCDD) without detectable light chains in serum and urine is presented. Only a few patients with LCDD but without detectable light chains in serum and urine have hitherto been reported. The diagnosis was made by light-microscopic and immunofluorescent examination of a percutaneous renal biopsy. The histological differential diagnosis of LCDD includes diabetic glomerulosclerosis, renal amyloidosis and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. For the histological diagnosis of LCDD, immunofluorescence using anti-kappa and anti-lambda antisera is essential. Although renal involvement is a constant feature in LCDD, other sites of deposition of light chains have been reported. The absence of detectable light chains in serum or urine is discussed.