Goserelin acetate 10.8 mg plus iron versus iron monotherapy prior to surgery in premenopausal women with iron-deficiency anemia due to uterine leiomyomas: results from a Phase III, randomized, multicenter, double-blind, controlled trial.Clin Ther. 2007 Aug; 29(8):1682-91.CT
Women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) may have iron-deficiency anemia (IDA); therefore, surgery places them at risk of blood-borne morbidity from perioperative transfusions. Such women might benefit from a preoperative treatment that restores hematologic normality and alleviates fibroid symptoms.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a single preoperative depot injection of goserelin acetate plus iron treatment compared with iron monotherapy, in premenopausal women with IDA due to uterine leiomyomas.
This Phase III, randomized, multicenter, double-blind, controlled trial (12 weeks of treatment plus a 24-week follow-up period) was conducted from October 1997 to August 1999. Patients received an injection of goserelin acetate 10.8 mg (3-month formulation) or a sham, with both groups receiving PO iron (ferrous sulfate) 325-mg tablets TID during the 12-week treatment period. Surgery (hysterectomy or myomectomy) was planned for week 12. Hemoglobin (Hb) level, symptoms of uterine leiomyomas, requirement for blood transfusion throughout, ability to donate blood for autologous transfusion, and leiomyoma and uterine volume were assessed for efficacy. The tolerability assessment included bone mineral density measurements and subjective symptomatology (ie, menstrual bleeding [uterine hemorrhage], fatigue, pelvic pain, and pelvic pressure).
A total of 110 women received treatment (n = 54, goserelin acetate 10.8 mg; n = 56, sham). The majority of patients (69.1%) were black and the mean age at study entry was 39.9 years, with a mean weight of 80.1 kg. At approximately 12 weeks, Hb levels were significantly higher in the goserelin group compared with the sham group (difference of least squares mean, 1.17 g/dL; 95% CI, 0.68-1.66; P < 0.001), and significantly more patients in the goserelin group had an increase in Hb concentration of >or=2 g/dL (odds ratio 6.36; 95% CI, 2.00-20.18; P < 0.001). A nonsignificant decrease in both uterine and leiomyoma volume was experienced by patients who administered goserelin compared with increases in the sham group. Uterine hemorrhage was also experienced numerically less often by goserelin-treated patients compared with those given the sham injection (9.3% vs 28.6%, respectively). One or more adverse events (AEs) were reported by 89% of patients in each treatment group. Goserelin acetate 10.8 mg was generally well tolerated by patients, with no serious drug-related AEs reported during this 36-week trial.
A single, preoperative injection of goserelin acetate 10.8 mg in addition to PO iron 325 mg TID was associated with improved Hb levels in these premenopausal women with IDA due to uterine leiomyomas.