Correlation between adiponectin and reduction of cell adhesion molecules after pitavastatin treatment in hyperlipidemic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Thromb Res. 2008; 122(1):39-45.TR
The aim of this study was to determine whether pitavastatin may prevent the progression of atherosclerotic changes in hyperlipidemic patients. Seventy-five hyperlipidemic patients with and without type 2 diabetes were enrolled to receive pitavastatin 2 mg daily. Cell adhesion molecules (sCD40L, sP-selectin, sE-selectin, and sL-selectin), chemokines (MCP-1 and RANTES) and adiponectin were measured at baseline and after 3 and 6 months of pitavastatin treatment. Adiponectin levels prior to pitavastatin treatment in hyperlipidemic patients with and without diabetes were lower than levels in normolipidemic controls. Both total cholesterol and the LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) decreased significantly after pitavastatin administration. Additionally, hyperlipidemic patients with type 2 diabetes exhibited a significant increase in adiponectin levels after pitavastatin treatment (before vs. 3 months, 6 months, 2.81+/-0.95 vs. 3.84+/-0.84 microg/ml (p<0.01), 4.61+/-1.15 mug/ml (p<0.001)). Furthermore, hyperlipidemic diabetics exhibited significant decreases in sE-selectin and sL-selectin levels after 6 months of pitavastatin treatment (sE-selectin, before vs. 6 months, 74+/-21 vs. 51+/-10 ng/ml, p<0.05; sL-selectin, before vs. 6 months, 896+/-141 vs. 814+/-129 ng/ml, p<0.05). In addition, adiponectin showed significant correlation with sE-selectin and sL-selectin in diabetic hyperlipidemia. However, MCP-1, RANTES and sCD40L did not exhibit any differences before or after pitavastatin administration. These results suggest that pitavastatin possesses an adiponectin-dependent anti-atherosclerotic effect in hyperlipidemic patients with type 2 diabetes in addition to its lowering effects on total cholesterol and LDL-C.