[Analysis of the correlation between PreS1-Ag, PreS2-Ag, HBeAg and HBV DNA in the serum of chronic hepatitis B patients].Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2007 Jul 24; 87(28):1984-6.ZY
To investigate the correlation between the serum indices and HBV DNA.
100 chronic HBV patients and 40 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The patients have not received any treatment with interferon (IFN) and similar nucleotide, and featured with normal ALT/AST, positive HBV DNA examined by using internal-quantitative standard PCR. Serum indices were measured by micro-particle enzyme immunoassay analysis and ELISA.
In chronic HBV patients with positive HBV DNA, the positive percentage were 75% for HBeAg, 25% for anti-HBe, 69% for PreS1-Ag, and 77% for PreS2-Ag. In 75 HBeAg positive cases, there were 54 cases of PreS1-Ag positive and 60 cases of PreS2-Ag positive; while among anti-HBe positive cases, there were 14 cases of PreS1-Ag positive and 17 cases of PreS2-Ag positive. There was no significant difference of the positive percentage of PreS1-Ag and PreS2-Ag between HBeAg positive and anti-HBe positive (both P > 0.05). Under circumstance of HBeAg positive, the percentage of both PreS1-Ag and PreS2-Ag negative (8%) was significant lower than that of anti-HBe positive (28%) (P < 0.05). There were 72 cases with consistent positive or negative for both PreS1-Ag and PreS2-Ag.
For hepatitis B patients with positive HBV DNA, the differences of positive percentages for HBeAg, PreS1-Ag and PreS2-Ag are moderate. The positive percentages of PreS1-Ag and PreS2-Ag do not correlate with HBeAg positive. The negative percentages of PreS1-Ag and PreS2-Ag correlate with anti-HBe positive.