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Normal values and incidence of cardiorespiratory complications in dogs during general anaesthesia. A review of 1281 cases.
J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med. 2007 Nov; 54(9):470-7.JV

Abstract

This paper describes the cardiorespiratory variables and the incidence of anaesthetic complications in dogs. For this, a retrospective study of 1281 anaesthesias was performed. Heart rate (HR), non-invasive mean arterial (MAP), systolic (SP) and diastolic pressures (DP), invasive mean arterial (IMAP), systolic (ISP) and diastolic pressures (IDP), central venous pressure (CVP), respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (V(T)), minute volume (V(M)), end-tidal CO(2) (EtCO(2)), arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), temperature (T) and death are reported. Data were described both globally and separately for each ASA (American Society of Anaesthesiologists classification) status. An ANOVA and a Tukey's test were used for comparing the different ASA status' values (alpha=0.05). During anaesthetic maintenance, the mean +/- SD of the studied variables were: HR: 91+/-27 bpm. MAP: 86+/-24 mmHg. IMAP: 80+/-22 mmHg. SP: 114+/-25 mmHg. ISP: 109+/-26 mmHg. DP: 67+/-23 mmHg. IDP: 66+/-22 mmHg. CVP: 5+/-3 mmHg. RR: 19+/-11 rpm. V(T): 14+/-7 ml/kg. V(M): 191+/-93 ml/kg/min. EtCO(2): 40+/-8 mmHg. T: 37.1+/-1.7 degrees C. ASA III and ASA IV patients, compared with those with ASA I, showed higher values of HR, RR, V(T) and V(M) and lower in IMAP, CVP, EtCO(2), SpO(2) and T. The most frequent complications were bradycardia (36.3% of the patients), hypotension (37.9%), hypoventilation (63.4%), hypoxia (16.4%), hypothermia (4.8%) and death (0.9%). Cardiorespiratory complications frequently occur in dogs during general anaesthesia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Cardenal Herrera-CEU University, Valencia, Spain. nacho@uch.uch.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17931219

Citation

Redondo, J I., et al. "Normal Values and Incidence of Cardiorespiratory Complications in Dogs During General Anaesthesia. a Review of 1281 Cases." Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine, vol. 54, no. 9, 2007, pp. 470-7.
Redondo JI, Rubio M, Soler G, et al. Normal values and incidence of cardiorespiratory complications in dogs during general anaesthesia. A review of 1281 cases. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med. 2007;54(9):470-7.
Redondo, J. I., Rubio, M., Soler, G., Serra, I., Soler, C., & Gómez-Villamandos, R. J. (2007). Normal values and incidence of cardiorespiratory complications in dogs during general anaesthesia. A review of 1281 cases. Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine, 54(9), 470-7.
Redondo JI, et al. Normal Values and Incidence of Cardiorespiratory Complications in Dogs During General Anaesthesia. a Review of 1281 Cases. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med. 2007;54(9):470-7. PubMed PMID: 17931219.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Normal values and incidence of cardiorespiratory complications in dogs during general anaesthesia. A review of 1281 cases. AU - Redondo,J I, AU - Rubio,M, AU - Soler,G, AU - Serra,I, AU - Soler,C, AU - Gómez-Villamandos,R J, PY - 2007/10/13/pubmed PY - 2007/12/27/medline PY - 2007/10/13/entrez SP - 470 EP - 7 JF - Journal of veterinary medicine. A, Physiology, pathology, clinical medicine JO - J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med VL - 54 IS - 9 N2 - This paper describes the cardiorespiratory variables and the incidence of anaesthetic complications in dogs. For this, a retrospective study of 1281 anaesthesias was performed. Heart rate (HR), non-invasive mean arterial (MAP), systolic (SP) and diastolic pressures (DP), invasive mean arterial (IMAP), systolic (ISP) and diastolic pressures (IDP), central venous pressure (CVP), respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (V(T)), minute volume (V(M)), end-tidal CO(2) (EtCO(2)), arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), temperature (T) and death are reported. Data were described both globally and separately for each ASA (American Society of Anaesthesiologists classification) status. An ANOVA and a Tukey's test were used for comparing the different ASA status' values (alpha=0.05). During anaesthetic maintenance, the mean +/- SD of the studied variables were: HR: 91+/-27 bpm. MAP: 86+/-24 mmHg. IMAP: 80+/-22 mmHg. SP: 114+/-25 mmHg. ISP: 109+/-26 mmHg. DP: 67+/-23 mmHg. IDP: 66+/-22 mmHg. CVP: 5+/-3 mmHg. RR: 19+/-11 rpm. V(T): 14+/-7 ml/kg. V(M): 191+/-93 ml/kg/min. EtCO(2): 40+/-8 mmHg. T: 37.1+/-1.7 degrees C. ASA III and ASA IV patients, compared with those with ASA I, showed higher values of HR, RR, V(T) and V(M) and lower in IMAP, CVP, EtCO(2), SpO(2) and T. The most frequent complications were bradycardia (36.3% of the patients), hypotension (37.9%), hypoventilation (63.4%), hypoxia (16.4%), hypothermia (4.8%) and death (0.9%). Cardiorespiratory complications frequently occur in dogs during general anaesthesia. SN - 0931-184X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17931219/Normal_values_and_incidence_of_cardiorespiratory_complications_in_dogs_during_general_anaesthesia__A_review_of_1281_cases_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0442.2007.00987.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -