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Direct and indirect intergroup friendship effects: testing the moderating role of the affective-cognitive bases of prejudice.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2007 Oct; 33(10):1406-20.PS

Abstract

Direct friendship with outgroup members and the knowledge of ingroup-outgroup friendships (indirect friendship) can both reduce outgroup prejudice. Three correlational studies (Ns = 338, 141, and 798) tested the moderating role of the affective-cognitive bases of prejudice, assessing whether the size of the friendship- prejudice relationship depends on the extent to which emotions (vs. thoughts) are relevant to the prejudiced attitudes at stake. In Study 1, direct friendship effects were larger with outgroups generating stronger affective responding than with outgroups generating stronger cognitive responding, whereas indirect friendship effects were larger with cognitive than with affective outgroups. Study 2 detected a similar pattern but with prejudice basis assessed in terms of individual differences. Study 3 replicated Study 2's indirect friendship-cognitive basis moderation in a context of historically polarized intergroup relations and on two new outcome variables, intergroup trust and negative action tendencies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of Newcastle, Australia, Stefania.Paolini@ Newcastle.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17933736

Citation

Paolini, Stefania, et al. "Direct and Indirect Intergroup Friendship Effects: Testing the Moderating Role of the Affective-cognitive Bases of Prejudice." Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 33, no. 10, 2007, pp. 1406-20.
Paolini S, Hewstone M, Cairns E. Direct and indirect intergroup friendship effects: testing the moderating role of the affective-cognitive bases of prejudice. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2007;33(10):1406-20.
Paolini, S., Hewstone, M., & Cairns, E. (2007). Direct and indirect intergroup friendship effects: testing the moderating role of the affective-cognitive bases of prejudice. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(10), 1406-20.
Paolini S, Hewstone M, Cairns E. Direct and Indirect Intergroup Friendship Effects: Testing the Moderating Role of the Affective-cognitive Bases of Prejudice. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2007;33(10):1406-20. PubMed PMID: 17933736.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Direct and indirect intergroup friendship effects: testing the moderating role of the affective-cognitive bases of prejudice. AU - Paolini,Stefania, AU - Hewstone,Miles, AU - Cairns,Ed, Y1 - 2007/08/06/ PY - 2007/10/16/pubmed PY - 2007/12/21/medline PY - 2007/10/16/entrez SP - 1406 EP - 20 JF - Personality & social psychology bulletin JO - Pers Soc Psychol Bull VL - 33 IS - 10 N2 - Direct friendship with outgroup members and the knowledge of ingroup-outgroup friendships (indirect friendship) can both reduce outgroup prejudice. Three correlational studies (Ns = 338, 141, and 798) tested the moderating role of the affective-cognitive bases of prejudice, assessing whether the size of the friendship- prejudice relationship depends on the extent to which emotions (vs. thoughts) are relevant to the prejudiced attitudes at stake. In Study 1, direct friendship effects were larger with outgroups generating stronger affective responding than with outgroups generating stronger cognitive responding, whereas indirect friendship effects were larger with cognitive than with affective outgroups. Study 2 detected a similar pattern but with prejudice basis assessed in terms of individual differences. Study 3 replicated Study 2's indirect friendship-cognitive basis moderation in a context of historically polarized intergroup relations and on two new outcome variables, intergroup trust and negative action tendencies. SN - 0146-1672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17933736/Direct_and_indirect_intergroup_friendship_effects:_testing_the_moderating_role_of_the_affective_cognitive_bases_of_prejudice_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0146167207304788?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -