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Discordance between psychometric testing and questionnaire-based definitions of executive function deficits in individuals with ADHD.
J Atten Disord. 2008 Jul; 12(1):92-102.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

One suspected source of negative outcomes associated with ADHD has been deficits in executive functions. Although both psychometrically defined and self-reported executive function deficits (EFDs) have been shown to be associated with poor academic and occupational outcomes, whether these two approaches define the same individuals remains unknown.

METHOD

Participants were 194 adults with ADHD from a case-control study of ADHD. Empirically based cutoffs were ascertained for an EFD diagnosis on both psychometric tests and scores on the Current Behavior Scale.

RESULTS

Results showed a modest overlap between the psychometric and self-reported definitions of EFDs. Whereas neuropsychological testing largely identified individuals with lower IQ and achievement testing, the behavioral questionnaire largely identified individuals with higher levels of ADHD symptoms, psychiatric comorbidity, and interpersonal deficits.

CONCLUSION

Results indicate that behavioral questionnaires cannot be used interchangeably with neuropsychological testing for the assessment of EFDs in adults with ADHD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Massachusetts General Hospital, Pediatric Psychopharmacology Research Unit, Boston, MA 02114, USA. jbiederman@partners.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17934182

Citation

Biederman, Joseph, et al. "Discordance Between Psychometric Testing and Questionnaire-based Definitions of Executive Function Deficits in Individuals With ADHD." Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 12, no. 1, 2008, pp. 92-102.
Biederman J, Petty CR, Fried R, et al. Discordance between psychometric testing and questionnaire-based definitions of executive function deficits in individuals with ADHD. J Atten Disord. 2008;12(1):92-102.
Biederman, J., Petty, C. R., Fried, R., Black, S., Faneuil, A., Doyle, A. E., Seidman, L. J., & Faraone, S. V. (2008). Discordance between psychometric testing and questionnaire-based definitions of executive function deficits in individuals with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 12(1), 92-102.
Biederman J, et al. Discordance Between Psychometric Testing and Questionnaire-based Definitions of Executive Function Deficits in Individuals With ADHD. J Atten Disord. 2008;12(1):92-102. PubMed PMID: 17934182.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Discordance between psychometric testing and questionnaire-based definitions of executive function deficits in individuals with ADHD. AU - Biederman,Joseph, AU - Petty,Carter R, AU - Fried,Ronna, AU - Black,Sarah, AU - Faneuil,Alicia, AU - Doyle,Alysa E, AU - Seidman,Larry J, AU - Faraone,Stephen V, Y1 - 2007/10/12/ PY - 2007/10/16/pubmed PY - 2008/10/22/medline PY - 2007/10/16/entrez SP - 92 EP - 102 JF - Journal of attention disorders JO - J Atten Disord VL - 12 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: One suspected source of negative outcomes associated with ADHD has been deficits in executive functions. Although both psychometrically defined and self-reported executive function deficits (EFDs) have been shown to be associated with poor academic and occupational outcomes, whether these two approaches define the same individuals remains unknown. METHOD: Participants were 194 adults with ADHD from a case-control study of ADHD. Empirically based cutoffs were ascertained for an EFD diagnosis on both psychometric tests and scores on the Current Behavior Scale. RESULTS: Results showed a modest overlap between the psychometric and self-reported definitions of EFDs. Whereas neuropsychological testing largely identified individuals with lower IQ and achievement testing, the behavioral questionnaire largely identified individuals with higher levels of ADHD symptoms, psychiatric comorbidity, and interpersonal deficits. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that behavioral questionnaires cannot be used interchangeably with neuropsychological testing for the assessment of EFDs in adults with ADHD. SN - 1087-0547 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17934182/Discordance_between_psychometric_testing_and_questionnaire_based_definitions_of_executive_function_deficits_in_individuals_with_ADHD_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1087054707305111?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -