Ovarian carcinosarcomas: clinicopathological prognostic factors and evaluation of chemotherapy regimens containing platinum.Gynecol Oncol. 2008 Jan; 108(1):136-40.GO
To evaluate the clinicopathological prognostic factors and outcome of chemotherapy in ovarian carcinosarcomas.
We reviewed the records of 26 patients treated from 1990 to 2006 at the Oncology Institute of Istanbul University. Clinical data including demographics, stage, surgery, chemotherapy, and survival were collected from patients' charts.
All patients underwent initial debulking surgery. Optimal debulking was achieved in 21 (81%) patients. The most striking clinicopathological finding was the high incidence of hemorrhagic ascites (n: 6) which was observed in 60% of the patients with ascites (n: 10). The overall median survival of the patients was 26 months. Residual disease was associated with a decreased overall survival, P=0.04. Median survival (50 months vs 9.7 months, P=0.042) of the patients with early stage disease were longer than the patients with advanced stage. Twenty-two patients received platinum-based combination chemotherapy. There was a trend for increased median survival in the patients who were treated with carboplatin/paclitaxel combination (P=0.066). Although the numbers were insufficient for statistical evaluation, the patients treated with ifosfamide combinations had improved survival (36 months vs 26 months). However, when the patients treated with ifosfamide and carboplatin/paclitaxel combinations were combined, survival was statistically improved compared to the other regimens (36 months vs 9.7 months, P=0.04). Chemotherapy regimens containing doxorubicin or cyclophosphamide were not encouraging. Stage (P=0.02) and adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy containing either paclitaxel or ifosfamide (P=0.024) remained predictive of outcome in the multivariate analysis.
Hemorrhagic ascites can be used in the initial differential diagnosis of ovarian carcinosarcomas. Stage, optimal debulking and type of adjuvant therapy were statistically significant prognostic predictors of ovarian carcinosarcomas. We advise that patients with ovarian carcinosarcomas should be treated by optimal cytoreduction followed by adjuvant platinum/taxan or platinum/ifosfamide combinations.