Foam sclerotherapy for the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency.Surg Clin North Am. 2007 Oct; 87(5):1285-95, xii-xiii.SC
Foam sclerotherapy has been refined over the past decade to become a safe and effective treatment for varicose veins and venous insufficiency. Using duplex ultrasound guidance, it can be used to treat large and small varicosities, saphenous trunks, incompetent perforating veins, and venous stasis ulcerations. Serious complications are rare, and in experienced hands, efficacy rivals that of traditional surgical ligation and stripping. Disadvantages of the technique are the need in many cases for more than one treatment session, and lack of US Food and Drug Administration approval of all currently available sclerosants. Foam sclerotherapy offers advantages of low cost, quick patient recovery, and ease of use; as such, it is an important tool for modern vein treatment.