Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence, incidence estimation, risk factors and characterization of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy: results of a multicenter case-control observational study.
J Urol. 2007 Dec; 178(6):2411-5; discussion 2415.JU

Abstract

PURPOSE

We evaluated the prevalence and estimated the incidence and risk factors of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

From January to June 2006 patients from 28 Italian urological centers who were between 25 and 50 years old with symptoms of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome were consecutively enrolled in this prospective epidemiological case-control study. A total of 152 subjects of similar age, race and area of origin who were investigated for infertile couples but were otherwise healthy served as controls. All subjects provided a medical history and underwent different symptom scorings, clinical evaluation and microbiological tests.

RESULTS

Of 5,540 male urological outpatients 764 with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome were enrolled, including 225 (29.4%) at the first presentation and 539 (70.6%) who underwent previous treatment. Thus, the prevalence of the syndrome was 13.8%, while the estimated incidence was 4.5%. Cigarette smoking, a high caloric diet with low fruit and vegetable consumption, constipation, meteorism, slow digestion, a sexual relationship with more than 1 partner and coitus interruptus were more likely in patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome than in controls (each p <0.001). The syndrome had a negative influence on sexual desire, erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation (p <0.001). The Meares and Stamey test was positive in 13.3% of patients and in 2.9% of controls. Urethral swabs in patients with a negative Meares and Stamey test were positive for sexually transmitted pathogens in 6%.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence and estimated incidence of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy are high. The syndrome is closely related to lifestyle, diet, smoking, gastrointestinal or anorectal disease and impaired sexual function.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. riccardo.bartoletti@unifi.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17937946

Citation

Bartoletti, Riccardo, et al. "Prevalence, Incidence Estimation, Risk Factors and Characterization of Chronic Prostatitis/chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Urological Hospital Outpatients in Italy: Results of a Multicenter Case-control Observational Study." The Journal of Urology, vol. 178, no. 6, 2007, pp. 2411-5; discussion 2415.
Bartoletti R, Cai T, Mondaini N, et al. Prevalence, incidence estimation, risk factors and characterization of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy: results of a multicenter case-control observational study. J Urol. 2007;178(6):2411-5; discussion 2415.
Bartoletti, R., Cai, T., Mondaini, N., Dinelli, N., Pinzi, N., Pavone, C., Gontero, P., Gavazzi, A., Giubilei, G., Prezioso, D., Mazzoli, S., Boddi, V., & Naber, K. G. (2007). Prevalence, incidence estimation, risk factors and characterization of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy: results of a multicenter case-control observational study. The Journal of Urology, 178(6), 2411-5; discussion 2415.
Bartoletti R, et al. Prevalence, Incidence Estimation, Risk Factors and Characterization of Chronic Prostatitis/chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Urological Hospital Outpatients in Italy: Results of a Multicenter Case-control Observational Study. J Urol. 2007;178(6):2411-5; discussion 2415. PubMed PMID: 17937946.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence, incidence estimation, risk factors and characterization of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy: results of a multicenter case-control observational study. AU - Bartoletti,Riccardo, AU - Cai,Tommaso, AU - Mondaini,Nicola, AU - Dinelli,Nicola, AU - Pinzi,Novello, AU - Pavone,Carlo, AU - Gontero,Paolo, AU - Gavazzi,Andrea, AU - Giubilei,Gianluca, AU - Prezioso,Domenico, AU - Mazzoli,Sandra, AU - Boddi,Vieri, AU - Naber,Kurt G, AU - ,, Y1 - 2007/10/15/ PY - 2007/05/02/received PY - 2007/10/17/pubmed PY - 2008/1/5/medline PY - 2007/10/17/entrez SP - 2411-5; discussion 2415 JF - The Journal of urology JO - J. Urol. VL - 178 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE: We evaluated the prevalence and estimated the incidence and risk factors of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January to June 2006 patients from 28 Italian urological centers who were between 25 and 50 years old with symptoms of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome were consecutively enrolled in this prospective epidemiological case-control study. A total of 152 subjects of similar age, race and area of origin who were investigated for infertile couples but were otherwise healthy served as controls. All subjects provided a medical history and underwent different symptom scorings, clinical evaluation and microbiological tests. RESULTS: Of 5,540 male urological outpatients 764 with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome were enrolled, including 225 (29.4%) at the first presentation and 539 (70.6%) who underwent previous treatment. Thus, the prevalence of the syndrome was 13.8%, while the estimated incidence was 4.5%. Cigarette smoking, a high caloric diet with low fruit and vegetable consumption, constipation, meteorism, slow digestion, a sexual relationship with more than 1 partner and coitus interruptus were more likely in patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome than in controls (each p <0.001). The syndrome had a negative influence on sexual desire, erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation (p <0.001). The Meares and Stamey test was positive in 13.3% of patients and in 2.9% of controls. Urethral swabs in patients with a negative Meares and Stamey test were positive for sexually transmitted pathogens in 6%. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence and estimated incidence of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy are high. The syndrome is closely related to lifestyle, diet, smoking, gastrointestinal or anorectal disease and impaired sexual function. SN - 1527-3792 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17937946/Prevalence_incidence_estimation_risk_factors_and_characterization_of_chronic_prostatitis/chronic_pelvic_pain_syndrome_in_urological_hospital_outpatients_in_Italy:_results_of_a_multicenter_case_control_observational_study_ L2 - https://www.jurology.com/doi/full/10.1016/j.juro.2007.08.046?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -