Lauryl sulphate haemoglobin: a non-hazardous substitute for HiCN in haemoglobinometry.Clin Lab Haematol. 1991; 13(3):279-90.CL
The haemiglobincyanide (HiCN) method for measuring haemoglobin is used extensively worldwide; its advantage is the ready availability of a stable and internationally accepted reference standard/calibrator. However, its use may create a problem, especially in automated analysers, as the waste disposal of large volumes of reagent containing cyanide may constitute a potential toxic hazard. As an alternative, conversion of haemoglobin to a sulphate derivative by nontoxic sodium lauryl sulphate has been proposed and is available as a commercial product from Toa Medical Electronics Co. Ltd., Japan. This evaluation has shown it to be as reliable and reproducible as HiCN for measuring haemoglobin at all concentrations, by both spectrophotometry and automated analyser. Maximum absorbance is at 534 nm. Total conversion occurs almost instantaneously, and includes methaemoglobin but not sulphaemoglobin. HbF is also measured. The only disadvantage is that solutions of haemoglobin-sulphate are stable for only a few hours at room temperature and up to three weeks at 4 degrees C. Thus, for standardization and calibration of instruments it is necessary to use a sample of blood or lysate the haemoglobin value of which has been assigned initially by the HiCN method.