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The impact of alcopops on adolescent drinking: a literature review.

Abstract

AIMS

The growing consumption of alcopops (highly sweetened pre-mixed spirit-based drinks especially designed and marketed for adolescents and young adults) among adolescents below the minimum age has given rise to the suspicion that these designer drinks are conducive to encouraging young people to prematurely drink alcohol. Increasing concern with regard to the health of young people has prompted several countries to respond to the growing consumption of alcopops with the introduction of special taxes. The present review aims to analyse the relationship between alcopop consumption and expected negative consequences, in particular, with regard to the frequency and quantity of alcohol consumed, the number of negative alcohol-related consequences, the consumption of other drugs, and engagement in further risk behaviours.

METHODS

Systematic computer-assisted literature searches in Pub Med, PsycINFO, and Addiction Abstracts used the keywords 'alcopop', 'alcopops', 'designer drink', or 'designer drinks'. All publications relating to alcopops and their impact on adolescent drinking were included.

RESULTS

An analysis of existing studies shows that on the grounds of methodological limitations, such as not controlling for total alcohol consumption, evidence of an association between the consumption of alcopops and the effects mentioned above is scarce. Results rather indicate a clear relationship between the quantity of alcohol consumed and alcohol-related negative consequences.

CONCLUSIONS

In place of beverage-specific interventions, a successful alcohol policy should look to implement evidence-based measures for the reduction of total alcohol consumption.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    IFT Institut für Therapieforschung, Parzivalstr. 25, 80804 München, Germany. metzner@ift.de; kraus@ift.de

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adolescent Behavior
    Alcohol Drinking
    Alcoholic Beverages
    Humans
    Risk-Taking

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17942436

    Citation

    Metzner, Cornelia, and Ludwig Kraus. "The Impact of Alcopops On Adolescent Drinking: a Literature Review." Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), vol. 43, no. 2, 2008, pp. 230-9.
    Metzner C, Kraus L. The impact of alcopops on adolescent drinking: a literature review. Alcohol Alcohol. 2008;43(2):230-9.
    Metzner, C., & Kraus, L. (2008). The impact of alcopops on adolescent drinking: a literature review. Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), 43(2), pp. 230-9.
    Metzner C, Kraus L. The Impact of Alcopops On Adolescent Drinking: a Literature Review. Alcohol Alcohol. 2008;43(2):230-9. PubMed PMID: 17942436.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of alcopops on adolescent drinking: a literature review. AU - Metzner,Cornelia, AU - Kraus,Ludwig, Y1 - 2007/10/17/ PY - 2007/10/19/pubmed PY - 2008/5/9/medline PY - 2007/10/19/entrez SP - 230 EP - 9 JF - Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire) JO - Alcohol Alcohol. VL - 43 IS - 2 N2 - AIMS: The growing consumption of alcopops (highly sweetened pre-mixed spirit-based drinks especially designed and marketed for adolescents and young adults) among adolescents below the minimum age has given rise to the suspicion that these designer drinks are conducive to encouraging young people to prematurely drink alcohol. Increasing concern with regard to the health of young people has prompted several countries to respond to the growing consumption of alcopops with the introduction of special taxes. The present review aims to analyse the relationship between alcopop consumption and expected negative consequences, in particular, with regard to the frequency and quantity of alcohol consumed, the number of negative alcohol-related consequences, the consumption of other drugs, and engagement in further risk behaviours. METHODS: Systematic computer-assisted literature searches in Pub Med, PsycINFO, and Addiction Abstracts used the keywords 'alcopop', 'alcopops', 'designer drink', or 'designer drinks'. All publications relating to alcopops and their impact on adolescent drinking were included. RESULTS: An analysis of existing studies shows that on the grounds of methodological limitations, such as not controlling for total alcohol consumption, evidence of an association between the consumption of alcopops and the effects mentioned above is scarce. Results rather indicate a clear relationship between the quantity of alcohol consumed and alcohol-related negative consequences. CONCLUSIONS: In place of beverage-specific interventions, a successful alcohol policy should look to implement evidence-based measures for the reduction of total alcohol consumption. SN - 1464-3502 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17942436/The_impact_of_alcopops_on_adolescent_drinking:_a_literature_review_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/alcalc/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/alcalc/agm148 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -