Systemic antifungal therapy for tinea capitis in children.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Oct 17CD
Tinea capitis is a common contagious fungal infection of the scalp in children. Systemic therapy is required for treatment and to prevent spread.
To assess the effects of systemic anti-fungal drugs for tinea capitis in children.
We searched the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register (June 2005), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library Issue 2, 2005), MEDLINE (2003 to June 2005), EMBASE (2003 to June 2005), LILACS (1982 to July 2005), CINAHL (1982 to July 2005), the ACP journal club (1991 to July 2005) and Healthstar (1975 to July 2005).
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated systemic antifungal therapy in people with normal immunity under the age of 18 who had tinea capitis confirmed by microscopy or growth of dermatophytes in culture or both.
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS
At least two authors independently examined each retrieved trial for eligibility and quality.
We included 21 studies (1812 participants). Infections involving Trichophyton species: Terbinafine for four weeks and griseofulvin for eight weeks showed similar efficacy in 3 studies involving 382 participants (RR 1.09; 95% CI 0.95 to 1.26). Cure rates following treatment with itraconazole and griseofulvin for 6 weeks were similar in 1 study of 35 children (RR 1.06; 95% CI 0.81 to 1.39). Another study of 100 children did not show any significant difference in cure between itraconazole for 2 weeks compared with griseofulvin for 6 weeks (RR 0.89; 95% CI 0.76 to 1.04). There was no difference between itraconazole and terbinafine for treatment periods lasting 2 to 3 weeks in 2 studies involving 160 children (RR 0.93; 95% CI 0.72 to 1.19). Two studies that included 140 children found similar cure rates between 2 to 4 weeks of fluconazole with 6 weeks of griseofulvin (RR 0.92; 95% CI 0.80 to 1.05). Microsporum infections: There was no significant difference in cure between terbinafine and griseofulvin in children with Microsporum infections in 1 small study of 29 children (RR 0.64; 95% CI 0.19 to 2.20).