Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Combined effect of low-risk dietary and lifestyle behaviors in primary prevention of myocardial infarction in women.
Arch Intern Med. 2007 Oct 22; 167(19):2122-7.AI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Limited data are available on the benefit of combining healthy dietary and lifestyle behaviors in the prevention of myocardial infarction (MI) in women.

METHODS

We used factor analysis to identify a low-risk behavior-based dietary pattern in 24 444 postmenopausal women from the population-based prospective Swedish Mammography Cohort who were free of diagnosed cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes mellitus at baseline (September 15, 1997). We also defined 3 low-risk lifestyle factors: nonsmoking, waist-hip ratio less than the 75th percentile (< 0.85), and being physically active (at least 40 minutes of daily walking or bicycling and 1 hour of weekly exercise).

RESULTS

During 6.2 years (151 434 person-years) of follow-up, we ascertained 308 cases of primary MI. Two major identified dietary patterns, "healthy" and "alcohol," were significantly associated with decreased risk of MI. The low-risk diet (high scores for the healthy dietary pattern) characterized by a high intake of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, fish, and legumes, in combination with moderate alcohol consumption (>/= 5 g of alcohol per day), along with the 3 low-risk lifestyle behaviors, was associated with 92% decreased risk (95% confidence interval, 72%-98%) compared with findings in women without any low-risk diet and lifestyle factors. This combination of healthy behaviors, present in 5%, may prevent 77% of MIs in the study population.

CONCLUSION

Most MIs in women may be preventable by consuming a healthy diet and moderate amounts of alcohol, being physically active, not smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden. Agneta.Akesson@ki.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17954808

Citation

Akesson, Agneta, et al. "Combined Effect of Low-risk Dietary and Lifestyle Behaviors in Primary Prevention of Myocardial Infarction in Women." Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 167, no. 19, 2007, pp. 2122-7.
Akesson A, Weismayer C, Newby PK, et al. Combined effect of low-risk dietary and lifestyle behaviors in primary prevention of myocardial infarction in women. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(19):2122-7.
Akesson, A., Weismayer, C., Newby, P. K., & Wolk, A. (2007). Combined effect of low-risk dietary and lifestyle behaviors in primary prevention of myocardial infarction in women. Archives of Internal Medicine, 167(19), 2122-7.
Akesson A, et al. Combined Effect of Low-risk Dietary and Lifestyle Behaviors in Primary Prevention of Myocardial Infarction in Women. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Oct 22;167(19):2122-7. PubMed PMID: 17954808.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Combined effect of low-risk dietary and lifestyle behaviors in primary prevention of myocardial infarction in women. AU - Akesson,Agneta, AU - Weismayer,Christoph, AU - Newby,P K, AU - Wolk,Alicja, PY - 2007/10/24/pubmed PY - 2007/12/6/medline PY - 2007/10/24/entrez SP - 2122 EP - 7 JF - Archives of internal medicine JO - Arch Intern Med VL - 167 IS - 19 N2 - BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the benefit of combining healthy dietary and lifestyle behaviors in the prevention of myocardial infarction (MI) in women. METHODS: We used factor analysis to identify a low-risk behavior-based dietary pattern in 24 444 postmenopausal women from the population-based prospective Swedish Mammography Cohort who were free of diagnosed cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes mellitus at baseline (September 15, 1997). We also defined 3 low-risk lifestyle factors: nonsmoking, waist-hip ratio less than the 75th percentile (< 0.85), and being physically active (at least 40 minutes of daily walking or bicycling and 1 hour of weekly exercise). RESULTS: During 6.2 years (151 434 person-years) of follow-up, we ascertained 308 cases of primary MI. Two major identified dietary patterns, "healthy" and "alcohol," were significantly associated with decreased risk of MI. The low-risk diet (high scores for the healthy dietary pattern) characterized by a high intake of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, fish, and legumes, in combination with moderate alcohol consumption (>/= 5 g of alcohol per day), along with the 3 low-risk lifestyle behaviors, was associated with 92% decreased risk (95% confidence interval, 72%-98%) compared with findings in women without any low-risk diet and lifestyle factors. This combination of healthy behaviors, present in 5%, may prevent 77% of MIs in the study population. CONCLUSION: Most MIs in women may be preventable by consuming a healthy diet and moderate amounts of alcohol, being physically active, not smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight. SN - 0003-9926 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17954808/Combined_effect_of_low_risk_dietary_and_lifestyle_behaviors_in_primary_prevention_of_myocardial_infarction_in_women_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/10.1001/archinte.167.19.2122 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -