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Criminal recidivism in sexual homicide perpetrators.

Abstract

Forensic psychiatric reports on 166 sexual homicide perpetrators in Germany were retrospectively analyzed for criminal risk factors. Follow-up information about release and reconvictions from federal criminal records was available for 139 offenders; 90 (64.7%) had been released. The estimated recidivism rate (Kaplan-Meier analyses) for 20 years at risk was 23.1% for sexual and 18.3% for nonsexual violent reoffences. Three men (3.3%) were reconvicted for attempted or completed homicide. Only young age at the time of sexual homicide resulted in higher sexual recidivism, whereas increased nonsexual violent recidivism was related to previous sexual and nonsexual delinquency, psychopathic symptoms, and higher scores in risk assessment instruments. Increased recidivism with any violent reoffence was associated with age-related factors: young age at first sexual offence, at homicide, and at release and duration of detention. The impacts of the results for risk assessment, relapse prevention, and supervision are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Sex Research and Forensic Psychiatry, University Medical Center, Hamburg, Germany. hill@uke.uni-hamburg.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17954927

Citation

Hill, Andreas, et al. "Criminal Recidivism in Sexual Homicide Perpetrators." International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, vol. 52, no. 1, 2008, pp. 5-20.
Hill A, Habermann N, Klusmann D, et al. Criminal recidivism in sexual homicide perpetrators. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2008;52(1):5-20.
Hill, A., Habermann, N., Klusmann, D., Berner, W., & Briken, P. (2008). Criminal recidivism in sexual homicide perpetrators. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 52(1), pp. 5-20.
Hill A, et al. Criminal Recidivism in Sexual Homicide Perpetrators. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2008;52(1):5-20. PubMed PMID: 17954927.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Criminal recidivism in sexual homicide perpetrators. AU - Hill,Andreas, AU - Habermann,Niels, AU - Klusmann,Dietrich, AU - Berner,Wolfgang, AU - Briken,Peer, Y1 - 2007/10/22/ PY - 2007/10/24/pubmed PY - 2008/3/20/medline PY - 2007/10/24/entrez SP - 5 EP - 20 JF - International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology JO - Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol VL - 52 IS - 1 N2 - Forensic psychiatric reports on 166 sexual homicide perpetrators in Germany were retrospectively analyzed for criminal risk factors. Follow-up information about release and reconvictions from federal criminal records was available for 139 offenders; 90 (64.7%) had been released. The estimated recidivism rate (Kaplan-Meier analyses) for 20 years at risk was 23.1% for sexual and 18.3% for nonsexual violent reoffences. Three men (3.3%) were reconvicted for attempted or completed homicide. Only young age at the time of sexual homicide resulted in higher sexual recidivism, whereas increased nonsexual violent recidivism was related to previous sexual and nonsexual delinquency, psychopathic symptoms, and higher scores in risk assessment instruments. Increased recidivism with any violent reoffence was associated with age-related factors: young age at first sexual offence, at homicide, and at release and duration of detention. The impacts of the results for risk assessment, relapse prevention, and supervision are discussed. SN - 0306-624X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17954927/Criminal_recidivism_in_sexual_homicide_perpetrators_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0306624X07307450?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -