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Standardization of the Korean version of Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (K-Mini-MAC) scale: factor structure, reliability and validity.
Psychooncology. 2008 Jun; 17(6):592-7.P

Abstract

Mental adjustment and coping affect the physical outcome and survival as well as quality of life in cancer patients. The Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (Mini-MAC) scale is a new refined, economical and reliable self-rating instrument measuring cognitive and behavioral responses to cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Mini-MAC in Korean cancer patients. A total of 208 cancer patients recruited from the Yonsei Cancer Center were assessed with the Mini-MAC and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Principal component analysis with varimax rotation for the Korean version of Mini-MAC (K-Mini-MAC) confirmed four factors. Three had psychometric properties similar to Helpless-Hopeless (HH), Anxious Preoccupation (AP) and Cognitive Avoidance (CA) of the original Mini-MAC. A novel factor, named Positive Attitude, included items of both Fatalism (FA) and Fighting Spirit (FS) from the original version. The five subscales from the original version (AP, HH, FS, FA and CA) and Positive Attitude had acceptable internal reliabilities in our sample (Cronbach's alpha coefficient 0.50-0.86; correlation coefficient of test-retest 0.68-0.88). For the validity, significant interscale correlation was observed in the original five subscales and Positive Attitude. Each subscale including Positive Attitude was also significantly related to Depression and Anxiety of HADS. As a whole, the K-Mini-MAC was a reliable, valid and acceptable tool for Korean cancer patients. These findings can provide information about the cross-cultural validity of Mini-MAC scale's factor structure. Cultural differences were also discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine and Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17957732

Citation

Kang, Jee In, et al. "Standardization of the Korean Version of Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (K-Mini-MAC) Scale: Factor Structure, Reliability and Validity." Psycho-oncology, vol. 17, no. 6, 2008, pp. 592-7.
Kang JI, Chung HC, Kim SJ, et al. Standardization of the Korean version of Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (K-Mini-MAC) scale: factor structure, reliability and validity. Psychooncology. 2008;17(6):592-7.
Kang, J. I., Chung, H. C., Kim, S. J., Choi, H. J., Ahn, J. B., Jeung, H. C., & Namkoong, K. (2008). Standardization of the Korean version of Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (K-Mini-MAC) scale: factor structure, reliability and validity. Psycho-oncology, 17(6), 592-7.
Kang JI, et al. Standardization of the Korean Version of Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (K-Mini-MAC) Scale: Factor Structure, Reliability and Validity. Psychooncology. 2008;17(6):592-7. PubMed PMID: 17957732.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Standardization of the Korean version of Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (K-Mini-MAC) scale: factor structure, reliability and validity. AU - Kang,Jee In, AU - Chung,Hyun Cheol, AU - Kim,Se Joo, AU - Choi,Hye Jin, AU - Ahn,Joong Bae, AU - Jeung,Hei-Cheul, AU - Namkoong,Kee, PY - 2007/10/25/pubmed PY - 2008/10/18/medline PY - 2007/10/25/entrez SP - 592 EP - 7 JF - Psycho-oncology JO - Psychooncology VL - 17 IS - 6 N2 - Mental adjustment and coping affect the physical outcome and survival as well as quality of life in cancer patients. The Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (Mini-MAC) scale is a new refined, economical and reliable self-rating instrument measuring cognitive and behavioral responses to cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Mini-MAC in Korean cancer patients. A total of 208 cancer patients recruited from the Yonsei Cancer Center were assessed with the Mini-MAC and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Principal component analysis with varimax rotation for the Korean version of Mini-MAC (K-Mini-MAC) confirmed four factors. Three had psychometric properties similar to Helpless-Hopeless (HH), Anxious Preoccupation (AP) and Cognitive Avoidance (CA) of the original Mini-MAC. A novel factor, named Positive Attitude, included items of both Fatalism (FA) and Fighting Spirit (FS) from the original version. The five subscales from the original version (AP, HH, FS, FA and CA) and Positive Attitude had acceptable internal reliabilities in our sample (Cronbach's alpha coefficient 0.50-0.86; correlation coefficient of test-retest 0.68-0.88). For the validity, significant interscale correlation was observed in the original five subscales and Positive Attitude. Each subscale including Positive Attitude was also significantly related to Depression and Anxiety of HADS. As a whole, the K-Mini-MAC was a reliable, valid and acceptable tool for Korean cancer patients. These findings can provide information about the cross-cultural validity of Mini-MAC scale's factor structure. Cultural differences were also discussed. SN - 1099-1611 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17957732/Standardization_of_the_Korean_version_of_Mini_Mental_Adjustment_to_Cancer__K_Mini_MAC__scale:_factor_structure_reliability_and_validity_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.1277 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -