Antiplatelet autoantibodies elicited by dengue virus non-structural protein 1 cause thrombocytopenia and mortality in mice.J Thromb Haemost. 2007 Nov; 5(11):2291-9.JT
The mechanisms responsible for thrombocytopenia associated with dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhage fever (DHF) remain unclear.
In this study, we investigated the pathogenic effects of dengue virus (DENV) non-structural protein 1 (NS1) on the elicitation of platelet cross-reactive antibodies.
The results showed that anti-DENV NS1 immunoglobulins (Igs) derived from both patients with DF/DHF and recombinant NS1-immunized rabbits could opsonize normal human platelets and enhance platelet-macrophage engagements in vitro. In addition, treatments with anti-NS1 Igs abnormally activated human platelets and induced thrombocytopenia in mice. These prothrombotic characteristics of anti-NS1 Ig might increase the disease burden of coagulant-aberrant DHF patients. To test this hypothesis, we injected anti-NS1 Igs into C57BL/6J mice that were preconditioned into a hypercoagulable state by warfarin treatments. When given before but not after platelet-lysate pre-adsorption, the anti-NS1 Igs injection treatments significantly increased mortality, fibrin deposition in lung, and plasma D-dimer levels, but significantly decreased anticoagulant proteins C, protein S and antithrombin III.
These results suggest that the platelet-bound antibody fractions of anti-NS1 Ig are prothrombotic, which might exacerbate the severity of disease in hosts with an imbalanced coagulant system.